Living Conditions in the City are Bad!

Population Increase Started It All!

The British market town of Manchester had a population of 17,000 in 1750. Within a few years Manchester became the the center of the Textile Industry. By 1801 the population increased by 70,000.

The Poor Are Treated Unfairly!

While wealthy people get to live in upscale townhouses and apartments the poor are stuck in the slums of the city. They had to live in tenements which are like small apartments. They were cramped and had no running water or sanitation system.

Living Conditions Resulted in Shorter Life Expectancy

Because of the cramped spaces and no sanitation system disease was very common. Waste would stay on the streets for weeks along with dead animals. The nasty conditions lead to epidemic outbreaks. In 1842 someone living in a rural area could be expected to live up to 38 years. In 1842 in Manchester a worker could expect to live up to only 17 years.

Crime was common around the slums!

In the slums of the city where the poor lived there were a lack of police officers. There was only about 39 officers for every 10,000(or more) people! Because of the lack of officers the crime rate was extremely high. Once people were finally arrested the prisons were so over crowed that many people were unnecessarily punished by the death sentence.

Hoping for the better

The conditions of the city will, over the years, greatly improve. By 1911 in Paris there were 750 miles of sewer lines. This greatly cleaned up the city and helped to reduce epidemic outbreaks of cholera and tuberculosis. Sidewalks and paved streets were also created to help make travelling easier and it kept the city cleaner. The bad parts of the Industrial Revolution also helped to bring out the good in it as well.