A Travel Guide To Planet Earth

Created by: Sarah Hall

Introduction

Niagara Falls is on the border of Ontario, Canada and New York, USA. On the Canadian side, flood lights illuminate both sides of the falls for several hours after dark until midnight. The length of the brink is 1,060 feet. The volume of water is 150,000 gallons.


The Congo Rain Forest is located in Central Africa. It receives about 1,500 to 1,800 mm of rain per year. The area is ranged from tall, hilly forests, to wet swamps and deep valleys. On every leaf, there is either rain drops or dew drops.



The Grand Canyon is in Arizona, United States. It's 277 miles long and about 18 miles wide. The canyon took about 3-6 million years to form. There are about 70 species of mammals, 250 bird species, 25 types of reptiles, and 5 amphibian species.

Opportunities and Obstacles

Opportunities for Niagara Falls:

Tourism is very high and the annual rate was expected to top 28 million tourists. Fishing, there are three waterfalls and many species of fish to eat for food. Water, there is fresh water to drink and plenty for crops or any other uses.


Obstacles for Niagara Falls:

If you need crops, it might be hard to grow in this area. There isn't much flat land. Usually tourism is in the summer. If you go in winter it will be really cold and the water will be ice. There are not very many species to hunt in the area either.


Opportunities for the Congo Forest:

There are many species such as, gorillas, chimpanzee, elephants, hippos, boars, buffalo, etc. Hunting for food is great if you're careful. There are perch, catfish, and many other

fish species to fish. You can also grow crops such as cassava, corn, and yams.


Obstacles for the Congo Forest:

Many insects, mosquitoes and the tsetse fly can cause major harm or diseases. There is lots of rain water. The rain forest gets about 1,500 to 1,800 mm of rain per year. That might be too much for crops. it's very shaded so you can only grow certain kinds. There are also animals that can cause harm if you get too close like boars, buffalo, gorillas, etc.


Opportunities for the Grand Canyon:

There is the Colorado River that runs through the Grand Canyon which is good for fishing and drinking. There are many animal species to hunt in the area. March through May and September through November, are the times of tourism.


Obstacles for the Grand Canyon: The park closes in winter after first snow fall. Pollution is another obstacle that will cause harm to the environment. Future mining claims on 1 million acre surrounding the park.

Ways Humans Regionalize The Earth

Humans regionalize the Earth in many different ways but here are three,


  • Land masses/continents
  • Climate zones
  • Time zones


A continent is one of the very large landmasses on Earth.

There are seven continents/landmasses on planet Earth...


  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia/Oceania
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America


Climate zones are divisions of the Earth's climates, they are divided into general climate zones according to average temperatures and average rainfall. These are important when traveling across the world from one country to another.

These are climate zones on Earth...


  • Polar (always cold and dry with short cold summers).
  • Dry (Less than ten inches of rain per year with hot days).
  • Humid Tropical (Hot and rainy throughout the year).
  • Mild Winters (Hot humid summers and mild winters).
  • Severe Winters (Warm summers and cold snowy winters).

Climate zones can be divided in many ways.


A time zone is a region throughout which the same standard time is used. These are also important because the time changes when you are in one country then another.

Earth is also split up into time zones...


Earth is split up into a many time zones. Most time zones are exactly one hour apart. Space time and light act differently than here on Earth. Given a 24-hour day and 360 degrees of longitude around the Earth, some people say there are 24 standard time zones, while other say there are 25 time zones.

Travel Tips and Suggestions For Places to Visit When in The Area

When going to the first stop: Niagara Falls, make sure you go in summer. Summer is the warmest and the best time for tourism. The sight is beautiful and the water is perfect for swimming, fishing, and many other physical activities. Also watch out for certain predators in the area. There might be pythons or rattlesnakes. They CAN and WILL bite if they have to! Make sure you see the three waterfalls and take pictures. The three waterfalls, from largest to smallest are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls, and the Bridal Veil Falls.


When going to the second stop: the Congo Rain Forest, you might want to go in the fall or winter. The summers can get really warm and muggy. Also watch out for insects and large animals that can harm you. Make sure you visit the Congo River while you are there too.


When you are going to the last and final stop: the Grand Canyon, the best time to go is in the fall, spring, or summer. The winters get cold and the water will be freezing or frozen. When you are there make sure to hike and climb. Many people also like to swim in the Colorado River. Make sure to go to the Colorado River, even if it's not swimming or fishing. Just take pictures to remember how amazing it is!

Packing List

When going to Niagara Falls bring,


  • A bathing suit for swimming.
  • Fishing pole for fishing.
  • Clothes for the season that you go to there in.
  • Bug spray for any bugs that bite so they will stay away.
  • Camera for the beautiful scenery.


When going to the Congo Rain Forest make sure to bring,



  • Weather appropriate clothing. Maybe something like shorts and a t-shirt.
  • If you build a shelter alone you can make it by young trees bent and woven together.
  • Bring seeds if you are going to plant crops like cassava, corn, or yams.
  • Bow and arrows (usually used) for hunting.
  • Bug spray for mosquitoes that carry diseases and other bugs.
  • Camera to remember the cool and different animals that are there.



When at the Grand Canyon bring,


  • Ropes to secure you when climbing.
  • Bathing suit for going swimming.
  • Fishing pole to get fish for food.
  • Clothes for warm weather such as shorts and a light t-shirt if you are going in the summer. Do NOT wear any black or dark clothing, black attracts the sun which will make you way too hot.
  • Camera for the amazing sun sets.

Photos of Niagara Falls

Photos of the Congo Rain Forest and the Congo River

Photos of the Grand Canyon

Enjoy your trip to planet Earth!