Temperate Forests

By Christina Dove and Dianne Zhao


Location: Most temperate frosts are located in the eastern United States, Canada, China, Europe, Japan, and parts of Russia. These forests, also known as deciduous forests, are split in five zones. The first zone is where the tree stratum is located where the tallest trees are located. The second zone is the small tree and sapling zone. The third zone is the shrub zone. Lastly, the fourth zone is the herb zone.

Weather: Temperate forests experience all four seasons. They are also right behind rainforests in the precipitation department. They receive 30-60 inches of rain each year. (that's 75-105 cm) It rains all year long, but in the winter it snows. And for good reason, in the winter it goes below freezing. The average temperature is 50˚ F or 10˚ C. In the summers it's a nice 70˚.


Temperate forest host lots of plants including shrubs, deciduous forest trees, moss, ferns,flowers, and oak and birch trees.

The animals include squirrels(which are every where really), brown bears, black bears, chipmunks, rabbits, raccoons and skunks.

More Information

How are organisms uniquely adapted/varied due to its environment? As cheesy as it sounds, the trees in the temperate forest are prepared for all seasons. During the spring and summer, the leaves are green and help create food for the tree via photosynthesis. They take in LOTS of sunlight, because trees in this region have broader leaves. During the fall, the temperature gets cooler, and makes it harder on the leaves. The chlorophyl breaks down making the autumn leaves that are different colors. They fall off right before the freezing cold winter. The usually do this so new leaves can come in.

What is the description of interdependancy between organisms?
Brown and black bears hibernate in the winter to help them survive the cold. I know what you're thinking: hibernation? Really? But hibernation IS a variation, as panda and polar bears don't hibernate.

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How a temperate forest looks like during the start of fall, in the summer trees are mainly green.

Food Web and Pyramid

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Food Web with Exotic Animal

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Having a exotic animal added would definitely put a strain on the amount of animals eating the producers. The wolf would have another species to eat. The brown bear could eat the zebra, but wouldn't under normal circumstances.

Food Web without Native Specie

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Without the wolf, the amount of deer, red fox, rabbits and chipmunks could increase, and because the bear population can only eat so much, they cannot eat all of the deer, foxes, rabbits, and chipmunks.