History of Scuba Masks

Ally Schleicher

Scuba Tank Background

Ancient swimmers used hollow cut reeds to breathe air when underwater. Around the year 1300, divers were making simple goggles from thinly sliced shells of tortoises. Wooden barrels were used as diving bells, and divers could travel underwater with more than one breath of air by the 16th century. In 1771, John Smeaton, a British engineer, invented the air pump. Air was pumped from a hose connected between the air pump and the diving barrel. A year later, Sieur Freminet invented a breathing device that recycled air from inside of the barrel, creating the first self contained air device. Unfortunately, the diver died from a lack of oxygen after being in his own device after twenty minutes. Another inventor invented a closed circuit oxygen rebreather. He decided to use this invention for a thirty foot dive, but he ended up dying from the pure oxygen. (oxygen is toxic to humans under pressure). Famous magician Harry Houdini was also an inventor. He would use his magic tricks to astound audiences by escaping from sinking boxes in a diving suit which would help him escape quickly and reach the water's surface.

Scuba Tank Uses

Using scuba tanks helps divers breathe underwater. SCUBA stands for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. Scuba diving may be done for professions of recreationally. It can be used in a number of applications including commercial diving uses, scientific purposes, and military and public safety roles.
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Sources

"History of Scuba Diving - Jacques Cousteau." About.com Inventors. About.com, n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.



"Scuba Diving History." All about Scuba Diving Aboutscubadiving.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.


"Scuba Diving." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.