Types of speech

Extemporaneous

This type of speech is the type where you are given a certain amount of time before the speech to prepare, usually 30 minutes, and a certain amount of time to speak, which is usually around 7 minutes. An example of this would be a presidential debate. Where the candidates only have a small amount of time to give an answer to a question, and are given a small amount of time before the debate to review the questions.

Manuscript

When someone gives a manuscript speech, that means the person has already written down what they are going to say and now they are saying it in front of an audience. An example of this would be when the president gives a speech, for example, the state of the union. President Obama wrote down everything that he wanted to say, and then when it was time, he read it to his audience.

Memorization

This means that the person giving the speech does not have to look at his speech because they know it by memory. Some people do this when they are more comfortable walking around during their presentation. An example of this would be a Ted Talk.

Impromptu

When someone gives an impromptu speech, it means they are going up on stage only having a general idea of what they are going to talk about and sort of make it up as they go along. An example of this is something like winning an award.