Type 2 Diabetes

by Brennis and Cyrus

Big image

Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Increased thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased hunger
  • Loss of consciousness (rare)
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent yeast infections
  • Slow healing sores or cuts
  • Decreased vision
  • Itching of the skin
  • Velvety dark skin changes to the neck, armpit, and groin area
  • Numbness and tingling of hands and feet

Genarl Background and Hisotry of Diabetes

Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.

Big image

Treatment Options and New developments for dibetics

Some medications help the pancreas release more insulin. Some people use insulin pumps to have the blood sugar pumped through the pancreas throughout the body. They also use injection twice a day to help maintain the blood levels in the body. Some new developments for diabetics are that light physical activity, such as interrupting time and with standing and walking, impacts glucose and fat metabolism in people who do not exercise. Another recent improvement in the diabetic field is the new way that the insulin pumps are put into the body through surgery. They no longer have to cut open the person. Instead they just have to make a small hole where they want to put the pump in the patient and it expands inside the body.

Guidlines for Normal Blood Glucose Levels and How to Check it

Blood Glucose otherwise known as blood sugar is the main tool you have to check your Diabetes control. Keeping a log of your vital signs is a must. When you bring this record to your health care provider, you have a good picture of your body's response to your Diabetes plan. In order to check your blood glucose you need to wash your hands and insert a test strip into your meter and then prick your finger in order to get your result for your blood sugar level.

Dangers of Letting Blood Glucose Get to High and Guidlines for Healthy Food Choices

For people with diabetes it is very important to keep track of your blood sugar levels because if your blood sugar were to get to high you could feel lousy and having it often can be unhealthy. Hyperglycemia can cause damage to the blood vessels and vital organs of the body. Which can increase the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, and strokes. Some healthy food choices for type 2 diabetes are fruit, pasta, and starchy vegetables. Some unhealthy foods would be ice cream, cake and cookies.
Big image

Recomidations for Excercise and Why it is Important

Exercise is important in any lifestyle because it helps you maintain a healthy weight and overall appearance. It is very important if you have diabetes though because it helps to maintain your blood sugar. It also prevents you from getting diseases that are more common if you don't exercise. Some exercises that are good to do for any one are strength training at least twice a week. You also have to try to drink at least half of your body's weight in ounces of water a day. Keeping your body healthy is the main component to maintaining your blood sugar levels.

Biomedical Professionals Who can Help Diabetics

  • Nurse educator- educates them and often coordinates treatment.
  • Endocrinologist- Specialty medical care for the patient.
  • Registered dietitian- Educates people and helps them set up and follow there daily meal plan.
  • Exercise Physiologist- Educates people and helps them develop an appropriate exercise program for there fitness level.
Big image