World War I

Trench warfare

Trench warfare was

A stalemate between two opposing forces, that are battling a war of attrition to see who will outlast and survive in horrific conditions.

Affects leading to stalemate

Trench warfare was great for defense but not offense, when both sides adopted trenches it became a stalemate. Due to advanced weapons when both sides had trenches if one side attempted to charge they would be mowed down by machine guns in a place known as no mans land.

Psychological effects on soldiers involved in trench warfare

Shell shock was the main effect of trench warfare to soldiers. Shell shock was a condition that was developed by many soldiers in the trenches in World War I. Shell shock was caused by the constant bombarding of shells. Throughout the World War I shell shock was undefined, soldiers suffering with it were treated as cowards. It was not until after World War I that doctors were able to determine what it was. Shell shock was later defined as PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Another effect was trench foot, when the soldiers stood knee deep in blood, mud, and other excrement.

GAS, Gas!

Mustard gas and Chlorine gas were a big problem for soldiers in the trenches. Mustard gas burns the skin, eyes, nose and throat when released. Chlorine gas eats a persons organs, attacking especially the lungs. These gases were a terrible surprise in the trenches, because the men were stuck in the trenches and couldn't escape fast enough.