Greece

By: Elizabeth H.

The Amazing Country of Greece!

Greece. The name sounds like an amazing country, which it definitely is. This flyer will teach a lot about Greece's different holidays, religions, geography, economy, and much more!


Picture from: http://www.flightcentre.com.au/

Geography and Travel

Greece has many cities and land forms. Some of the major cities of Greece include Athens, Thessaloniki, Sparta, Piraeus, and more! Athens, the capital of Greece, has the largest population with about 664,046 people living there. Athens is also a very historical place since it is about 3,400 years old. Some mountains include: Mount Olympus, located in the northern half of Greece, Mount Parnassus, located in the southern half of Greece, and Mount Smolikas, located next to Albania. Some of the major rivers include: Evrotas, located on the largest island of Greece, Pinios, located in the northern half of Greece, and Kifisos, located on the southern half of Greece. The climate and weather of Greece usually consists of sun, dryness, and warm temperatures. But in the winter only, the weather is usually a bit chilly and rainy. The average high is usually 70.1*F, and the low being 53.9*F. Most people in Greece live near the ocean because boats come in through those areas and there is a beach with a water source. Methods of traveling in Greece are usually by foot, or in large cities, by bus. One could get to and from Greece by boat, plane, and sometimes train if close enough.

Government/Foreign Policy

As of today, Greece has a Parliamentary Republic. The leader of Greece is Prokopis Pavlopoulos. Greece's lawmaking body is called a legislature. Greece has a limited government, and Greece was involved in the Eurozone Crisis when Greece was in debt. Greece's citizens have some similar rights and responsibilities to the U.S.A., but some are very different. For example: Greece has a Prime Minister while the USA does not. Also, their president is elected by parliament, while the USA's president is elected by citizens over 18. Some similarities include: the women and men having the same rights and responsibilities, and how one has to go through trial before going to prison. Greece is a country that has strong diplomatic relationships with many other countries, and is working on making more. Greece is a member of the United Nations. Since Greece has been having financial problems, it has been receiving support from euro area Member States and IMF. Greece is definitely a country with many allies.

Economy

Greece's currency consists of euros. The conversion rate of a US dollar to a euro would be $1.12. Exports in Greece include: refined petroleum, packaged medicament, pure olive oil, aluminum plating, and non-fillet fresh fish. Imports in Greece include: crude petroleum, refined petroleum, packaged medicament, petroleum gas, and passenger and cargo ships. Greece's GDP per capita is 21,956.41 USD. Compared to the USA, Greece is not a very wealthy country because the USA's GDP is more than 20,000 higher than Greece's.

Social and Ethnic Groups

In Greece, about 98% of the people living there are naturally Greek. Other minority groups include: Turks, Macedonian Slavs, Albanians, Armenians, Bulgarians, Jews, and Vlachs. Education in Greece starts at the age of six. It is also free. Some kids in the age range of four and five are enrolled in preschools. A child goes to school in three year sections, and end up going to school for nine years. Both men and women have the same rights, but they don't get paid equally for the same job. Children have the right to healthcare and education though. In Greece, 97.3% of people over the age of fifteen can read. With this information, one can conclude that the people there are educated well. One could also conclude that if the education is good, then the jobs would pay well. Ethnic groups have never really fought against each other since the majority is the same.

Religion, Language, and the Flag

98% of the religions practiced in Greece are Christian Orthodox. Though a small minority of people practice Muslim, Catholic, and Jewish religions. The major language spoken in Greece is Greek. Greece's flag is shown on the right. The blue in the flag represents the oceans that flow around Greece. The white represents the foamy cress on the wave. The flag was officially "adopted" in 1978. The white cross in the top left hand corner represents the Greek's Orthodoxy. The nine stripes represent the syllables in a phrase that in English means, "Freedom or Death".

Traditional Holidays or Festivals, Traditional Clothing, and Food

One of the most important festivals in Greece is on March 25, and it's Greek National Independence Day. This day celebrates the Greeks freedom. A parade is also held on this day, and the military rides on floats through the towns. (Picture on the right from: http://www.greecetravel.com/ ) The clothing Greeks wear on holidays are usually clothing that is sophisticated. On other days, they wear clothing similar to the Americans. One traditional food from Greece is called a Gyro. (Pronounced Yer-o.) This dish is similar to a taco. On the inside, there are sliced chunks of a specially made meatloaf, tomatoes, onions, and sometimes lettuce. All of that goodness is then wrapped into pita bread. A link to the full recipe is right here: http://allrecipes.com/recipe/173420/traditional-gyro-meat/

Data Sets

Three data sets are shown below. Once one has seen them, one can conclude that Greece is "pure". One would say the word "pure" in a way that most of the people are all from Greece, and everyone is similar. Almost everyone has the same religion, language, and ethnic group, so this makes Greece a "pure" country.