Nicholas Moscati & Bailey Hall
Serology is the study of serum that usually pertains to blood antibody testing and analysis. This is done the check blood type and find infections, or proteins within the individuals blood. In forensic science the blood can be tested for DNA or blood type for class evidence to link an individual to a crime scene.
An antibody, also known as an immunoglobulin, is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. The antibody recognizes a unique molecule of the harmful agent, called an antigens, via the variable region.
A Cell that contains hemoglobin and can carry oxygen to the body. Also called a red blood cell. Erythrocytes are biconcave in shape, which increases the cell's surface area and facilitates the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide. This shape is maintained by a cytoskeleton composed of several proteins. Erythrocytes are very flexible and change shape when flowing through capillaries
ABO is the blood typing system in humans. There are four different blood type groups with each having a negative and a positive: A, B, AB, and O. Whether the blood type is positive or negative depends on the individuals Rh factor; if the have the Rh protein on their red blood cells or a lack of.
Rh factor is a protein found on red blood cells. If your blood cells have this, you are Rh positive and if they do not you are Rh negative
Hemoglobin is the protein molecule that carries oxygen from the the lungs an gives pigmentation to the red blood cells.