World War 1
In Rememberance of Australian Soldiers
Causes Of World War 1
World War 1 was causes by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist in 1914. However that wasn't the only reason toward World War 1 taking place as other causes were,
Militarism - the policy of building up or creating a large military, (to have more and better weapons than everyone else). Germany were creating weapons that were bigger and better to take out their opposition.
Alliances - an agreement between 2 or more countries to help each other out and defend each other. There were alliances that were central powers between Germany, Austria, Italy and Serbia and Allies between Britain, Russia and France.
Imperialism - a country that attempts to extend it's power and influence over other countries, through diplomacy or military force. Germany did not seek to extend it's empire outside Europe until 1884.
Nationalism - pride in one's country extreme nationalism... is to believe you're better than other counties and/or people are willing to defend your country. Extreme Nationalism was evident in Europe in the years leading up to 1914.
The Catalyst - Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary's death sparked World War 1. Bosnia and Herzegovina were annexted by Austria Hungary in 1908, which was not a popular move among other European nations.
The Australian involment in war
Australian soldiers fought in many places for example,
- Gallipoli Turkey
- Bullecourt France
- Messines Belgium
- Ypres Belgium
- Hamel Spur France
- Mont St Quentin France
- Peronne France
- Hindenberg Line France
Autralia went to war because in 1914 Ausralia's Prime Minister - Andrew Fisher immediately promised Australian support for Britain. There were many volunteers for the war as many of them were very excited and most men thought it was going to be fun, that they would explore the world. Instead 61, 720 of men died and 155, 00 wounded at war and it wasnt as fun as an experience as they expected. Women were not involved in the fighting part of war however, they contributed to war by serving as members of the Australian Army Nursing Service dealing with the soldiers indury and the suffering in the fields.
The significant battles of World War 1 for Australians:
Gallipoli was one of the most significant battles of World War 1. Prime Minister Andrew Fisher promised that “Australia will stand by to defend (Great Britain) to our last man and our last shilling”. At the start of training for war everyone was excited and couldn't wait, however in the end it didn't work in Australia's favour when thousands of people (australians) died hen the Britain shot most of them all dead or seriously wounded.
Fighting in Bullecourt 1917 was not as expected for Australian soldiers as their tanks broke down and therefore had to break through barbed wire, however it worked in the Australian soldiers favour when they caught the first two lines of German trenches. Australia was surprised when British and German artillery bombarded them, and German's counter-attacks took place. Sadly 80% of Australia's attacking force was lost.
The impact of the Great War on Australians at home:
The women who got left at home were greatly effected when the men left for war. The men were the ones that worked therfore the women were left with no money and when the prices rose about half women were left in a bad situation and some women got depression. If all the men died at war then the world wound't keep populating. Although the chldren would have missed the men in their life they were taught to support war and make clothes for the soldiers. When the men left business was different and replacement workers needed traing being more unfit. War cost bucket loads of money and therefore the Government had to borrow money.
The significance of ANZAC Day for Australians:
Anzac Day is celebrated every year on the 25th of April and most of the Nation of Autralia take pride in Anzac Day. Every year there is a football game held at the MCG between Essondon and Collingwood, everyone in the football stadium stands for a minute silence to honour all the soldiers who fought at war. The legend of the Anzacs is, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps and the legend caused Australian and New Zealand troops to help to establish their countries reputations in the world through qualities of strength and bravery. The Anzacs where apart of an Allied campaign against the Turks which ended in the evacuation of Australian troops on the 19th and 20th of December, due to trying to contol the Dardenalles and therefore opened the was to Constantiople and Eatern Europe. Rememberance day is on the 11/11 and at 11:00 everyone pays their respects by silencing for a minute. Some people choose to wear poppies to also pay their respects.
War at home
A photograph of a family waiting for a loved one to come home
The only flower to grow on the battle fields, and warn in memory of the soldiers
Getting ready to fight from the trenches