Biotechnology

By: Brandon Rigby

DNA Biotechnology

DNA can be changed to get organisms to have new functions. It is based

on the activity of DNA in the synthesis of protein.

How is biotechnology used in a DNA testing?

They insert genes into the organisms, and they can induce the organisms to produce a protein it does not normally produce.

How is biotechnology used in the health industry in making medicines like penicillin and insulin?

Pharmaceuticals is where biotechnology creates antibodies, interleukins and vaccines based on living organisms. As opposed to the chemical compounds that make up traditional drugs that are able to target specific cell types, often with dramatic results and fewer side effects.

How is biotechnology used in agriculture?

Agriculture Biotechnology is the area of biotechnology involving applications to agriculture. An example of Agriculture is is the developement of disease resistant wheat varities by cross breading different weed types. This happends until the desired disease resistance was present in a resulting new variety.

How is biotechnology used in environmental clean-up (bioremediation)?

Microbes break down many chemicals in the environment. Also, Sewage treatment plants harness these microbial recyclers to clean up waste water before it returns to streams, lakes and groundwater.

What are the potential negative impacts of biotechnology?

There are many disadvantages of biotechnology including, potential development of harmful chemicals, loss of biodiversity , transformations of wild species which could be caused by exposure of wild species to genetically modified crops or domestic livestock leading to evolvement of super species.

Biochemist

Biochemists are scientists trained in biochemistry. Typical biochemists study chemical processes and chemical transformations in living organisms, other biochemists study DNAs, proteins and cell parts.

Printed out Map- identifying research centers located in North Carolina where Biotechnology is their focus

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North Carolina's national rank in biotechnology

Wilmington has one of the largest clusters of research contract organizations in the state and nation. The University of North Carolina at Wilmington is developing a $30 Million marine biotechnology research center to take advantage of the region’s proximity to the coast.

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