Cholesterol

Riley Thompson

Bad and Good Cholesterol

LDL cholesterol is considered "bad cholesterol " because it contributes to build up in arteries that can clot them and make them less flexible.


HDL cholesterol is the good Cholesterol because it helps remove the LDL from the clogged arteries

Function and Structure of LDL and HDL

LDL cholesterol is much bigger than HDL and has a higher lipid:protein ratio than the HDL.


The functions of the two cholesterol differ as well the LDL transports cholesterol through the body and makes protective walls around the cell. While the HDL is in charge of removing cholesterol from the arteries in order to keep them from being clogged.

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Why do they need to be monitored?

HDL and LDL are very important to your health, doctors check these because the numbers can tell you if you are at risk for cardiovascular problems and your overall health.

What can too much cholesterol cause?

Too much cholesterol in you blood can cause a blockage in your arteries (Heart disease), if this is left untreated for too long if can cause the heart to not get enough blood leading to a heart attack

What other molecules are monitored along with LDL and HDL?

Triglycerides are also monitored along with cholesterol because they are both fatty substances in the blood

What do the results of a cholesterol test mean?

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What can patients do to change the levels of LDL and HDL in their blood?

To raise the levels of HDL patients should eat healthy fats such as avocados, fish and nuts.

Go to this website for more info:http://www.healthline.com/health/high-cholesterol/foods-to-increase-hdl


To lower LDL patients should cut back on process foods(Fast food) and substitute the with some things listed above also get at least 30 min of exercise a couple of times a week.

How does intake of fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health?

Unsaturated - are healthy fats such as fish, nuts and olive oil. Using these in the place of saturated fats and trans fats will help raise you HDL and lower your LDL


Saturated- comes from animal products such as beef ans lamb if you are trying to lower your LDL cutting back on saturated fats will help.


Trans Fat- are in processed food and are bad for your health. They raise your LDL and lower your HDL having too much trans fat puts you at a great risk for heart attack and heart disease.

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Sources

Cholesterol and Heart Disease. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-lower-cholesterol-risk


Why Do Doctors Monitor the Concentration of LDL & HDL? (2015, April 23). Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/144497-why-do-doctors-monitor-the-concentration-of-ldl-hdl/


How Do LDL and HDL Differ Structurally and Functionally? (2015, September 18). Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/401250-how-does-ldl-hdl-differ-structurally-functionally/


11 Foods to Increase Your HDL. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/high-cholesterol/foods-to-increase-hdl