Should we be Proud?
The U.S from 1880-1920
Industrialization: Vertical Integration (shame/economic)
In the early 1860's, Andrew Carnegie began his journey to monopolizing the steel industry. He used a method called vertical integration to start his business. Carnegie bought all the companies necessary for sustaining a successful steel company and therefore, lowered his expenses. Without having people to pay to deliver the supplies, for example, he was able to monopolize the industry. This was not something to be proud of because it is not lawful for one person to be in control of what people pay for a product.
Industrialization: Labor Strikes (proud/shame/political)
In this era, the working conditions in factories was not up to par. Many hazards were in the areas with workers who were often children. The working class was disturbed by this and decided to do something about it. They organized labor strikes to protest against their employers. Unfortunately, it took the government a long stretch of time to take action on the cause.
Labor Unions in the Industrial Revolution
Industrialization: Monopolies (shame/cultural)
During the industrialization period, the government had not regulated how big companies could get. There were two major monopoly owners in this era named Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. Andrew Carnegie owned the only steel company of the U.S and Rockefeller owned the U.S oil company. This was not something to be proud of because the government failed to see that it would be a problem if there was no competition in the areas of business.
"The first truth is that the liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic state itself." FDR, 1938
Immigration: Ellis Island (shame/cultural)
When immigration to America was a popular occurrence, the destination for immigrants before stepping foot on America was Ellis Island. When they arrived, the poor immigrants were required to go through a process including a health physical where they were given an identification tag, an eye test, and a physical examination. After the physical, they had to be interviewed. I think it was a good thing for the government to support so it was insured that little disease was passed into the country.
Immigration: Chinese Exclusion Act (shame/cultural)
During the immigration period, many American-born citizens did not like the idea of immigrants coming to the U.S. They believed that they were only taking their jobs and interfering with their normal lives. Because of this, they decided to discriminate the new immigrants, especially the Chinese. They set up camps for them to stay in away from the rest of society.
Immigration: Tenement Houses (shame/cultural)
With many immigrating to the United States, the U.S was struggling to provide housing for these people. The cities had not yet considered much structure and many things were just "thrown" together. Tenement homes were an example of this. They usually had one bathroom per floor and large families often had to share a room. These houses were also infested with rats and had improper sewage systems.
Urbanization: Subway System (proud/economic)
The subway system of this time was created to make city life more convenient. Many people worked in the city, and as the cities were growing, it became harder to travel into the city if you lived on the other side of town. This system virtually eliminated that problem. Now workers could travel to their jobs efficiently and the government gained money from the tickets.
Urbanization: Sanitization (shame/political)
The level of cleanliness in the cities of this time was not the best that it could be. People dumped their waste in the streets and there were no garbage trucks. Many people became sick from their food being slaughtered in unclean warehouses. The sewage was also often times dumped in ditches or bodies of water nearby.
Urbanization: Infrastructure (shame/economic)
Since there was pretty much no infrastructure in the cities at this time, many problems were caused. The roads were not developed properly, the buildings were not great, and there was garbage everywhere. This problem was not easy to fix and took time and effort from the government.
Progressivism: Women's Suffrage (proud/political)
Women's right to vote was a large topic of this time. Women were willing to do almost anything for their say in the government. I am proud of the women and men that fought for this right because without it, America could not truly be called a free country.
"It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus voting, I not only committed no crime, but, instead, simply exercised my citizen's rights, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any state to deny." - Susan B. Anthony
Progressivism: Meat Inspection Act (proud/economic)
Before the Meat Inspection Act, meat packing plants did not follow any sanitization rules. Carcasses of food animals would be thrown on the ground and left unattended until time for further processing. This caused many people to get sick and the government finally had to send a representative to make sure everyone was following procedure.
Meat Inspection Act
Progressivism: Theodore Roosevelt (proud/political)
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt was president from 1901-1909. He was an advocate for preserving land and began many of our national parks. He also regulated big businesses by advocating government regulation for those businesses. He was also nicknamed the "Trust Buster".
Theodore Roosevelt on Big Business
Imperialism: Yellow Journalism (shame/cultural)
Yellow journalism is a term used to describe journalists that exaggerate individuals to think a certain way about a topic. They influenced the Spanish-American War that led to imperialism of Cuba for a few years. I am not proud of this because the writers were just short of lying to the public by means of exaggerating topics.
Imperialism: Platt Amendment (shame/political)
After the Spanish-American war, Cuba was supposed to be a free country. However, the Platt Amendment changed that. It was put in effect to control the Cuban government because the U.S believed they could not function as a country without them. This amendment basically imperialized Cuba.
Imperialism: Rough Riders (proud/political)
The rough riders were a band of men in the Spanish-American war that aided the U.S. Because of this group, the U.S won the battle at San Juan Hill. The leader was none other than Roosevelt and the gang gained a lot of publicity for the win.
World War 1: Fourteen Points (proud/political)
President Wilson proposed his fourteen points after world war one. The goal of these points was to eliminate future wars and to repair what had been broken in the world war. One of his points was to create the League of Nations to have peace between the nations of the world.
World War 1: Luisitania (shame/political)
The sinking of the Lusitania was one of the major causes of the first world war. The United States asked Germany to restrict their submarine warfare only to the ships of their enemies. However, they did not listen to the U.S and sunk the U.S ship, the Lusitania. Following this, the United States entered the war.
World War 1: Treaty of Versailles (proud/political)
This treaty was designed to "end all wars" and create peace throughout the nations. Through this, Germany lost territory and was forced to pay reparations. It was signed exactly 5 years after ArchDuke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated. It was decided upon by the allied powers with little input from Germany because the Allies felt strongly that the main cause of the war was Germany.