Roaring 20's Weekly

May 23, 1923

During this week...


The idea of white Americanism is spreading and largely being supported by the KKK. Americanism is the idea of maintaining white culture and American concepts.

Destinee Barker and Abbey Sempebwa

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Table of Contents

  1. Nativism
  2. Politics
  3. Court Cases
  4. Scopes Monkey Trial
  5. Innovations, Innovators & Culture
  6. Letter to the editor
  7. Political Cartoon & Analysis

1. Nativism

Nativism protected the interests of native born Americans and were given superior rights of the "foreign born". Ex: anti- immigration law, bennett law of 1890 threatened to close down german language elementary schools. the KKK were native born Americans who felt threatened by liberal Americans and immigrants.

2. Politics

Warren G. Harding

From 1922-1923 during the administration of President Harding, secretary Albert Fall leased Navy Petroleum reserves at tea pot dome to private oil companies at low rates.

Kellog Briand Pact

It was signed on August 27, 1928 by the US, France, UK, Germany, Italy, Japan, and other countries. the pact prohibited the use of war as an instrument of National policy policy except in self-defense

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3. Court Cases

Red Scare

General fear of communists; many were convicted during the red scare

Palmer Raids

An operation organization by attorney general palmer where federal marshals raided the houses of suspected radicals

Sacco & Vanzetti

Murder trial in Massachusetts (1920-1927); two Italian immigrants are put on trial for the robbery and murder of a paymaster and a guard at a shoe factory. They were found guilty and sentenced to death

Schenck vs. United States

Socialist Charles Scheck distributed anti-war materials in the mail. The Supreme Court found him guilty of posing a clear and present danger during wartime

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4. John Scopes Trial

John Scopes Trial

A young man named John Scopes went on trial for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution, which was against Tennessee law. John Scopes was to have Clarence Darrow, America's top criminal lawyer, defend him. The famous politician and anti-evolutionist, William Jennings Bryan, also volunteered to help the prosecution. John Scopes was found guilty for teaching evolution.

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5. Innovations, Innovators & Culture


Flappers were a "new breed" of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, listened to jazz, etc.


In the 1920s the motorcar came to represent the American dream. Cars fell in price dramatically so many Americans could afford them. They could be sold to a mass market because they could be made more cheaply, using assembly line methods. In 1927 Henry Ford shut down the Model T assembly lines and began designing an all new car. It debuted in December of 1927.

Marcus Garvey

Marcus Garvey is regarded as the leader of the largest mass movement in black history. He became a leader in the black nationalist movement by applying the economic ideas of Pan-Africanists to the resources available in urban centers.

6. Letter to the Editor


Its members waged an underground campaign of intimidation and violence directed at white and black Republican leaders. KKK has also been anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic, and has opposed the immigration of all those it does not view as "racially pure." the Ku Klux Klan grew the secret society developed into sinister and dangerous terrorist organization posing a dangerous threat to civil liberties. the Ku Klux Klan, was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1865. Originally founded as a social club for former Confederate soldiers, the Klan evolved into a terrorist organization. It is responsible for thousands of deaths, and would help to weaken the political power of Southern blacks and Republicans.

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7. Political Cartoon


Labeling and symbolism

What issue is this political cartoon about? Winning women's votes

What do you think is the cartoonist’s opinion on this issue? Democrats may be more persistent on getting women's votes

What other opinion can you imagine another person having on this issue? The reps are maybe less persistent on wooing the women for the votes than the democrats are

Did you find this cartoon persuasive? Why or why not? No, because its just showing the parties trying to win over the women votes

What other techniques could the cartoonist have used to make this cartoon more

persuasive? None

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