Tundra,Arctic

founded in Alsaka, Canada, and Siberia

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where is my biome located??

Arctic tundra is found across northern Alaska, Canada, and Siberia. This biome has long cold winters and short cool summers. The Arctic tundra has low precipitation (less than 10 inches per year) and dry winds.

WHAT KIND OF NATIVE ANIMALS AND PLANT LIVE HERE (Tundra and Arctic)



PLANTS


Although the ground is covered with snow until June, there are approximately 1700 different kinds of plants that grow on the tundra. There is a very short growing season and only plants with shallow root systems are able to grow. You will find plants that grow close to the ground, small flowering plants, grasses, mosses, lichens (flowerless plants that grow on rocks and trees) and dwarf shrubs (low-growing woody plants).




Animals


Many animals live on the tundra, including caribou. lemmings, musk oxen, arctic foxes and wolves. Some animals stay all year round, others migrate to warmer places for the winter. Arctic animals have thick coats to keep them warm.


Those living in the icy water have blubber (a thick layer of fat under the skin). Many Arctic animals live in the ocean. Some of these animals are called mammals. Polar bears, walruses, seals and whales are mammals that live in the ocean. There are also many kinds of fish ( Arctic char, trout and grayling ). To survive in the icy water, fish produce an "antifreeze" protein that keeps their blood ice-free.

LIVE THE COLD LIFE

Saturday, May 14th, 5am to Wednesday, June 15th, 7:30am

Québec, Canada

QC

There are 28 communities located on the mainland and on islands. The largest is the capital Iqaluit (population 6200, on Baffin Island). Grise Fiord is the northernmost community in Canada (population 163). Some other communities in Nunavut are Arctic Bay, Cape Dorset and Resolute.

Recreational Activites for the whole entire family


  • Hiking and Backpacking
in the parks of Alaska and northern Canada, this often manifests as cross-country travel and hikers must be experienced in wilderness navigation and travel techniques. This is especially true given the surprisingly variable mosaic of landscapes that a broad swath of tundra might encompass, including vast thickets of alder, the gravel “highways” of braided rivers and the deceptively rolling treeless uplands.
  • River Floating
The gravelly rivers of the Arctic tundra have long provided some of the most convenient travel routes for people in this big country. Kayakers and canoeists in Aulavik National Park on Banks Island in Arctic Canada, for example, have the placid ribbon of the Thomsen River to follow, floating through beautifully remote rolling tundra. In Alaska, the Kobuk River, which heads in the wild Brooks Range, takes paddlers through a diversity of landscapes where the sharp-eyed visitor may spot grizzly bears or caribou on its banks.
  • Wildlife Viewing
Though they spend much of the year on the sea-ice, polar bears do seasonally utilize tundra habitats such as Churchill, Manitoba, which is famous for its polar-bear viewing opportunities. Vast troves of birds migrate to the Arctic tundra to breed during its brief summer. In the alpine tundra, the observant hiker might spot a well-camouflaged ptarmigan, one of the few birds to spend the entire year in such environments, as well as golden eagles, ravens and mountain goats on surrounding ramparts.

IF YOUR ARE PLANNING TO VISIT DURING THESE TIMES OF THE YEAR



    • WINTER



People must dress very warmly in the winter because of the cold winds. They wear long parkas that reach down to their knees. Mothers can keep babies warm inside the large hoods of their parkas. Most of the clothing is bought from a store, but some still wear the traditional (old ways) clothes when they go out on the land.

  • SUMMER



  • In summer, temperatures throughout the Arctic tundra oscillate between the 30s and the 50s Fahrenheit. During the warmer days, some of the soil melts, making waterproof boots a priority. Middle insulation layers are the ones you will probably remove when it gets warmer. These layers should ideally be made of polypropylene fleece. The Arctic tundra gets very little precipitation, so there's only a small risk of rain getting your clothes wet. However, your outer layer should still be waterproof in case you fall or make contact with the ice and melted snow.



Arctic Tundra