What is Diabetes?

How can I figure out if I have Diabetes or not?

There are two different types of tests that the doctors may have you take.

The Fasting Plasma Glucose(FPG): This takes your reading and tells you what level you are at. If you are at 100mg/dl you're at a normal level. 101mg/dl-126mg/dl is at the level of Pre-Diabetes. The last level of the test would be Diabetes and the numbers for this would be 127mg/dl and above. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test(OGTT): This test does the same thing, but its numbers for the levels are different.


AGEs: stands for advanced glycosylation end products. AGEs are produced in the body when glucose links with protein. They play a role in damaging blood vessels, which can lead to diabetes complications.

Alpha Cell: a type of cell in the pancreas. Alpha cells make and release a hormone called glucagon. The body sends a signal to the alpha cells to make glucagon when blood glucose falls too low. Then glucagon reaches the liver where it tells it to release glucose into the blood for energy.

Alpha-Glycosidase Inhibitor: a class of oral medicine for Type 2 diabetes that blocks enzymes that digest starches in food. The result is a slower and lower rise in blood glucose throughout the day, especially right after meals.
Amylin: a hormone formed by beta cells in the pancreas. Amylin regulates the timing of glucose release into the bloodstream after eating by slowing the emptying of the stomach.

Beta Cell: a cell that makes insulin. Beta cells are located in the islets of the pancreas.

Blood Glucose: the main sugar found in the blood and the body's main source of energy. Also called blood sugar.

Bolus: an extra amount of insulin taken to cover an expected rise in blood glucose, often related to a meal or snack.

Charcot's Foot: a condition in which the joints and soft tissue in the foot are destroyed; it results from damage to the nerves.

Diabetes Prevention Program(DPP): a study by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases conducted from 1998 to 2001 in people at high risk for Type 2 diabetes. All study participants had impaired glucose tolerance, also called pre-diabetes, and were overweight. The study showed that people who lost 5 to 7 percent of their body weight through a low-fat, low-calorie diet and moderate exercise reduced their risk of getting Type 2 diabetes by 58 percent. Participants who received treatment with the oral diabetes drug metformin reduced their risk of getting Type 2 diabetes by 31 percent.

Looking for someone to help you if you have Diabetes?

Below are some doctors in the FM area from Sanford who would be able to help you with any questions that you may have about Diabetes:

Dr. Cheryl Beech

Dr. Susan Cavalier

Dr. Shirley Essary

Dr. Monica Foster

Dr. Angie Homuth

Dr. Janet Klocke

Dr. Helen Levitt

A good company online would be American Association of Diabetes Educators

What are some good foods for Diabetic people?

Some good foods for diabetic people would be:

Sugar free frozen cream pop

5 baby carrots

One cup of popcorn


All of these snacks would be healthy for you.


Some people are more likely to get diabetes then others. Most people get diabetes, because they are overweight, however, that is not the only reason. Some ways that you can prevent yourself from getting diabetes is keeping track of your blood sugar, eating healthy, and exercising for 30 minutes each day. You can educate others by teaching/telling them what they should do, for example, tell them that they should go out and exercise and then tell them to go and eat a good recovery snack or meal.