Mesopotamia Web Quest

By Marty Madar

Geographer

1. Mesopotamia was located in Asia Minor and near the Persian Gulf. It was between the Tigris and Euphrates river. Mesopotamia means "the land between two rivers."

3. Climate in Mesopotamia was hot and dry. It rarely rained in the summer but they did have have rain in the winter.

4. Mesopotamia was located in modern day Iraq.

5. The distance from Mesopotamia to Elm City is 7113.19 miles.

Historian

1. Sumer, Babylon, Assyria, and Akkad are four civilizations of Mesopotamia. The timeline is at the top.

2. For a civilization you would need food, water, resources, people, shelter, and a body of water if you can find one. It would also be helpful to have a military.

3. The Hammurabi laws were important because they helped the people be safe. It included harsh punishments and unfair ways of figuring if a person was guilty, but all you had to do was not break the rules.

4. Law 195 says if a son strikes his father, he should get his hands cut off. Law 196 says he who puts out another mans eye, his eye should be put out too. Law 197 says he who breaks another man's bone should have one of his broken too. Law 200 says if a man knocks out another man's teeth his teeth should be knocked out too. Law 22 says if anyone is caught committing a robbery he should be put to death.

5. Gilgamesh was a king of Uruk and people believed he was a superhero. He could do many things regular people couldn't do. One day he was bored so he went to the Ziggurat and prayed to have some fun. The gods sent down a person better than him named Enkidu. They fought for a long time and soon became friends.

Agriculturalist

1. In Mesopotamia, farming was what everybody was good at. They planted barley, wheat, and other grains. They had rich and fertile soil that contained silt which was mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks.

2. The fields were poiosoned from when the water in the canals evaporated and left behind mineral salts and these salts were harmful to plants. This killed most of the plants and people started to leave because of the lack of crops.

3. Most Mesopotamians ate vegetable soup, fish, sometimes meat, fruits, pistachio nuts, cakes during special occasions, and they drank beer or cow's milk.

4. People from Mesopotamia would settle near bodies of water because it had plentiful water and fish. It also had resources and a great place for farming. The water allows the plants to grow easily.

5. When planting in Mesopotamia first you have to flood the field with water used for irrigation. Then you have to break up the soil with a plow. Next, you have to make the ground smooth and level with a harrow. After that, you should put seeds in the ground. Then, you should water your field three times after the seeds are planted. Finally, you should harvest the plants when they are ripe and ready. You should take your harvest to the threshing house.

Archaeologists

1. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was located in present day Al Hillah, in Iraq. It was built by King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon who was trying to please his homesick wife with a beautiful palace. The palace had water flowing down from the top levels to the lower levels of the palace to water both higher and lower level plants.

2. Four inventions from Mesopotamia was glass jewelry, the wheel, bronze weapons, and the pottery wheel. The wheel is a very important invention because it allows us to get to places we need to go much quicker. We probably wouldn't have made any vehicles.

3. Cuneiform was a written language invented in ancient Mesopotamia that was created by the Babylonians.

4. The social class of Mesopotamia ip was first the king at the top. Right below the kings up are the priests, then below that are the merchants, traders, and craftsmen. Below merchants are the farmers and labores. Finally, the lowest class are the slaves.

5. A ziggurat was a pyramid shaped temple tower. Ziggurats were used for religious ceremonies to worship their gods. A religious ceremony could be giving food and wine to the gods.

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