Roosevelt and World War 2!!

Examples of FDR's leadership to end the Great Depression!!

*President Franklin Roosevelt's "New Deal" fought the Great Depression on a number of fronts.

*To meet the immediate crisis of starvation and the dire needs of the nation's unemployed FDR provided direct cash relief for the poor and jobs programs.

*In 1935, FDR took the New Deal in a more liberal direction, overseeing the enactment of some of the most far-reaching social and economic legislation in American history.

*The Social Security Act set up programs designed to provide for the needs of the aged, the poor, and the unemployed, establishing a social welfare net, that at least theoretically, covered all Americans.

*All of these actions, though, could not end the Great Depression. Only American mobilization for war in the early 1940s brought the U.S. out of its economic doldrums.

*With Roosevelt as its presidential candidate, the Democratic Party won again in 1936, signaling the beginning of 30 years of political dominance that extended long after FDR's death.

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War Bonds!!

*When full employment collided with rationing, and war bonds were seen as a way to remove money from circulation as well as reduce inflation.

*Were first called Defense Bonds, but was changed after Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.

*Yielded a mere 2.9% return after a 10-year maturity. Which meant about $2,000 a year.

*134 million Americans were asked to purchase war bonds.

*The first Savings Bond was sold to Franklin D. Roosevelt which was about $10,000, with some limitations.

*Norman Rockwell created a series of illustrations in 1941 that became a centerpiece of war bond advertising.

*Celebrities started going on tours to advertise bonds, which was a huge success.

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Rationing!!

*The government rationed food, gas, and clothing.

*Rationing meant sacrifices for all since not a single person was unaffected by the war.

*In spring of 1942, the Food Rationing Program was set into motion.
*The federal government needed to control supply and demand.

*People were often required to give up many material goods, but their was an increase in employment.

*Jobs like scrap drives, factory jobs, good donations, and other similar projects opened up.

*Ads, radio shows, posters and pamphlets urged Americans to comply.

*They came up with Red Stamps, Blue Stamps, and the War Ration Book. Each had a variety of things you could buy with each one.

*Side effects were the black market, where people could buy rationed items on the sly.

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Volunteerism!!

* Thousands of Newfoundlanders and Labradorians volunteered.

*Helped recruit servicemen and women, supplied them with material comforts, cared for the injured, visited the bereaved, and raised large sums of money to buy military, medical, and other supplies.

*The Women's Patriot Association supported troops, assisted the Red Cross, and other charitable associations.

*They knitted sweaters, gloves, hats, socks, and other stuff that they gave to the troops.

The Newfoundland Patriotic Association helped recruit volunteers for military service, to ensure that pensions, work programs, and other social services for returning troops, and help care for dependents of troops over seas.

*The Red Cross welcomed all survivors, provided them with clothes, razors, shaving soap, brushes and other supplies, and brought them to hospitals when needed.

*They donated beds and operating supplies to local hospitals, offered home nursing and first aid classes.

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Victory Gardens!!

*Labor and transportation shortages made it hard to harvest and move fruites and vegetables to market.

*The government encouraged citizens to plant their own "Victory Gardens", so they could provide their own fruits and vegetables.

*Nearly 20 million Americans started planting gardens in backyards, empty lots and even city rooftops.

*Magazines started printing stories about the gardens, and gave instructions on how to grow and preserve garden produce.

*The government and business urged people to make gardening a family and community effort.

*9-10 million tons of fruit and vegetables were made, its the same amount to all commercial production.

*When World War 2 ended so did the governments promotion on Victory Gardens.

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Office of War Information!!

* Was created on June 13, 1942 by Franklin D. Roosevelt, six months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

*Attract U.S. citizens to jobs in support of the war effort.

*OWI photographers documented American life and culture by showing aircraft factories, members of the armed forces, and women in the workforce.

*Using propaganda the OWI aimed to inspire patriotic fervor in the American public.

*Documented social change, including the massive movement of women into the workforce and the advancement of African Americans in the military.

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Industrial Production Changes!!

*Includes the arms, munitions, and natural resources, personal and financing which were mobilized for the war.

*Everything produced by the belligerents from the occupation of Austria in early 1938 to surrender and occupation of japan in late 1945.

*The mobilization of funds, people, natural resources and materiel for the production and supply of military equipment and military forces during WW2 was a critical component of the war effort.

*As formerly-neutral powers joined the escalating conflict territory changed hands, combatants were defeated, the balance of power shifted in favor of the Allies.

*During the 1930s, political forces in Germany increased their financial investment in the military to develop the armed forces required to support near-and long-term political and territorial goals.

*In 1938 the British Commonwealth was a global superpower, with political and economic control of a quarter of the world's population, industry and resources.

*From 1938 to mid-1942, the British coordinated the Allied effort in all global theaters.

*The entry of the United States into the war in late 1941 injected financial, human and industrial resources into Allied operations.

*Production of machine tools tripled, and thousands of ships were built in shipyards which did not exist before the war.

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