How A Bill Becomes A Law
H. Civ. & Econ.
Two Houses, Two Processes
Step 1: The House
- Representative hands Bill to clerk or drops it in the hopper
Step 1: The Senate
- A Senator announces the bill on the floor
- The bill is given an S number
Committee Action: The House
First the bill is referred to the House standing committee, then it is referred to the subcommittee. Next the bill is reported by the standing committee.
Committee Action: The Senate
In both houses...
The bill is placed on the committee calendar.
The bill is sent to the subcommittee for hearings and revisions.
The standing committee may recommend passage or kill the bill
If the Bill passes...
- If it passes in the House Of Representatives, it is sent to the Senate to undergo the whole process over again for changes to be made and to be approved.
- If it passes in the Senate, it is sent to the House to undergo the whole process over again for changes to be made and to be approved.
- OR -
- A different version passes ( in either house), and then the bill goes to the conference committee.
If the bill survives this whole process, then it is sent to the president for his approval and signature.