Georgia and Briar
Geography and Land forms
Today we are going to tell about one of the fabulous Rocky Mountain state called Montana. The major cities in Montana are Billings, Great Falls, and Helena. Montana is three England's big. More specifically, 147,164 square miles. That's as big as 11 Eastern States! The Biterroot Range makes up the western border with Idaho. The Missiouri River is the second largest river in the U.S.A. It is 2,315 miles long. The Continental Divide is partially in Montana. If water falls even a centimeter apart on the Continental Divide, it will eventually separate them by thousands of miles. The Rocky Mountains take up 2/5 of Montana. Granite Peak is the highest peak in Montana, at 12,799 feet above sea level. Some of Montana's mountain ranges are Anaconda, Cabinet, Salish, and Flathead. Many of those ranges' peaks partially covered in snow. Glacier National Park is in northwestern Montana. Yellowstone National Park, which extends into other states, has a lot of geothermal activity. The Badlands are beautiful places where wind and water has eroded sandstone into strange and mysterious shapes. Montana has river canyons, prairies, tundra, forests, and sandstone bluffs. The Rockies are great for mines rich in gold, silver copper, and coal. Important rivers in Montana are Yellowstone, Madison, Jefferson, and Gallatin. More rivers in Montana include the Bighorn, Little Bighorn, Bitterroot, Flathead, Marias, and the Sun.
The history of Montana is so interesting! We are going to tell you all about it. In 1803 America made the Louisiana purchase. Included in that purchase was Montana. Lewis and Clark were the first white men to set foot in the Rocky Mountains. When they first saw the mountains, they were in awe of their size and "wondrous beauty''. People discovered gold in 1860. Gold and silver brought in big crowds of people. More gold was discovered in Grasshopper Creek. The capital, Helena, was found in 1864. Later, in 1870, copper, which was also found in Montana, became valuable. In 1876, the Battle of Little Bighorn occurred. Then, in 1889, Montana officially became a state. In 1910 congress created the amazing National Park know as Glacier National Park. Women, in 1914, won the right to vote.
The cities of Montana are fun and interesting. You can see fossils in museums or participate in celebrations like Libby Logger Days. Rodeos are very popular to watch and do. You can ride horses or climb glaciers. People go on Going-To-The-Sun Road to get to Glacier National Park. There are so many rivers such as the Yellowstone, the Flathead, or the Sun, that people enjoy rafting, boating, and fishing, and do it a lot. The Rocky Mountains make it possible to go hiking and skiing. Wide open space and mountains make Montana good for ranching and farming. That is why people love Montana.
The largest cities in Montana are Billings, Great Falls, Missoula, Butte, Helena, Boseman Kalispell, Anaconda, Harre, and Miles City. Helena, the capital, is named after the founder's wife. Barley, wheat, lumber and livestock are all produced in Montana. Health care, government, food processing, coal, petroleum, natural gas, and tourism industries all sustain Montana. One year, 1,000,000 people visited Glacier National Park! This is 129,719 more people than Montana's population of 870,281 people! The state motto of Montana is "Oro Y Plata," "Gold and Silver" in Spanish. In fact, "Montana" is derived from the Spanish word for "Mountainous." Their state song is called "Montana." The official nickname of Montana is the Treasure State due to the valuable minerals that are mined there. The non-official nickname is Big Sky Country. Do you like grizzly bears? Yet another reason to like Montana! Grizzly bears are Montana's state animal. The state bird is the Western Meadow Lark. Ponderosa Pines are beautiful. They're Montana's state tree, too! The Bitterroot is Montana's state flower. Montana is the 4th largest state in the United States. Only Alaska, Texas and California are bigger. The highest temperature recorded in Montana was 117 degrees. on July 5, 1937 and the lowest temperature every recorded was -70 degrees on January 20, 1954! That is a 187 degree difference. Some Native American Tribes that are in Montana are Crow, Blackfeet, Souix, Assinaboin, Cheyenne, Shoshone, Arapaho, and Wootenai. Lewis and Clark were the first whites to set foot in Montana.