Short Stories

by: Morganne Jordan

1. Characterization (Direct/indirect)

the process of revealing the personality of a character

E: "She was a large woman"

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2. Protagonist

The main character

E: Roger from thank you ma'm

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3. Antagonist

the person or thing that gets in the way of the main character

E: Like Ms. Jones in thank you ma'm

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4. Flat Character

a simple character who does not display internal conflicts

E: like Minho in the maze runner

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5. Round Character

a complex character who displays internal conflicts

E: Like bella from Twilight

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6. Static Characterization

a character who stays the same throughout a story

e: Like the Prince from Cinderella

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7. Dynamic Character

a character who changes throughout a story

example: Like pedro from Napoleon Dynamite.

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8. Internal Conflict

a struggle that takes place within a character's mind

E: like in the hungry games

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9. External conflit

a struggle that take place outside of a character

example: in the hungry games when they go man vs. man

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10. diction

word choice

example: Yoda in starwars

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11. denotation

the dictionary definition of a word (non debatable)

example: like "happy -- to not be sad OR to be excited

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12. connotation

all of the emotional association and societal assumptions connected with a word

e: like spiderman

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13. First Person Point of View

the vantage point from which a story is told by one character – uses “I”

example: when a narrater speaks.

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14. Third Person Limited Point of View

a story is told by a narrator who reveals thoughts of one character

example: when the talkers use names

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15. Third Person Omniscient Point of View

the vantage point from which a story is told by an all-knowing narrator

example: when the teacher is talking to all the students

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16. Situational Irony

when you expect one thing to happen and the opposite happens

example: if a fire station burned down

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17. Verbal Irony

when you say one thing but mean the opposite

example: in Shrek when donkey thinks he's intelligent but he's really foolish

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18. Dramatic Irony

when the reader or audience knows something a character doesn’t know

example: like in a scary movie when we know the person is going to die but the person doesn't know yet

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19. Symbol

something that represents more than just itself

example: when something has a different meaning

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