Semester II (Theology)
Jesus Founding of the Church
Persecution of "The Way"
The Church Fathers and Heresies
Light in the Dark Ages
- The collapse of the Roman empire in the fifth century started a period of decline in the west as the old world had died. Through all of this the church continued to flourish and began to spread throughout Europe.
- The Huns were an army of men that killed and took over villages and they didn't care who got in their way because they would kill them. Bu there was a time when Pope St. Leo the great met Attila the Hun and changed his mine about attacking so they went west.
- Soon Monasticism rose and the way of life began to develop this is characterized by prayer and self- denial and living away form the world. Men mostly did this and they became known as monks they devoted themselves to serve others and to serve God. One of the first was St. Paul of Thebes.
The Great Schism
- The brokenness of the communion of the East and West in 1054 the idea had been around with Constantinople in the fourth century alienation began in the ninth century and Charlemagne rise to power.
- This divided the church and it has been like this for a long time until recently when the pope met with the eastern orthodox leader and came to terms with him the relationship is now back where it should be.
In the early part these were just missions of Christians to stop the expansion of Muslims. But it soon developed into something entirely different. It became violent and war like and soon the fighting began. Soon the Muslims took over the holy land after the Christians had been defeated then they began being executed. The Crusaders fought these wars men who would die for what they believed in they would die for their religion and they killed those who attacked them. The first Crusade began and Europe was apart and supported this due to their leaders. Much later the Crusaders were defeated and Christian kingdoms were taken off the map. Eventually the holy land was split and the Christians began to expand throughout the world.
The High Middle Ages
Most of the time education had been in monasteries and cathedral schools but education began to expand the demand for monks and monasteries began to increase and schools popped up everywhere. Universities were places where men went to become men pf God and to study how to be a man and how to be spiritually successful. Many famous rulers came through the doors and Europe was the epicenter for the whole thing.
- Leaders duty was to use power to protect the orthodoxy of the the church.
- But the leaders did nit want to show their relationship with the church for a long time.
- Catholic faith became dominant and the involvement of the church in society became more and more known and important.
- Those who questioned the church were attacked and tortured.
The High Middle Ages
The Plague, Hundred Years' War, and Joan of Arc
The Hundred Years' War was not a war that went for a hundred years straight but it was a series of battles that took place between the he English and French. The English didn't really have problems due to the similarity of religion and the peace kept by he church but it didn't last for long and conflict arose. The fighting of he French and English stared when the English invaded France and the the really fighting started . That is when Joan of arc and her freedom kf France comes into play.
Joan of Arc was a person who was very in touch with her faith and very close with God and her destiny was shown to her by God. She saw an image that would change her forever and the spirit told her that it was her that would lead the French army and she would free her country. No one believed her until that she proved o everyone by showing them and then they have her the position as the leader. Believe it or not she won and she was a hero but it came with a price to pay she was burned alive but kept the faith throughout her entire life.