Buenos Aires (Spanish: Buenos Aires or Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires) is a city and the capital of Argentina, second largest metropolitan part of South America and the most populous city in the Americas and the world's fourth largest. The city lies the Atlantic coast, and is rich in orbit and spilled into the ocean of the Rio de la Plata. The city's port is the largest in the world, and also serves the Paraguay, and Uruguay's neighbors Argentina.
The city's name means 'good air' (in Spanish "Bueno Aire), referring, apparently, the winds helped Veniootn Spanish naval ships that docked on the shores of the region.
Buenos Aires is the oldest cities of South America Hcolnielistit . It was established on 2 February 1536 by a Spanish expedition led by gold seekers Pedro de Mendoza , who called her " Santa Maria del Bowen Ira " (Santa María del Buen Ayre ) , influenced by a priest of the delegation . After the delegation returned bred locals attacks on the settlement , and it was abandoned 1541 . She was re-established in -1580 by Juan de Gara called her " Ciudad de Trindad " ( Ciudad de Trinidad - Trinity City ) and has been continuously inhabited .
First days of the city was based primarily on trade. In the 17th and 18th century Spanish ships threatened by pirates , so the Spaniards developed a system that brought the goods to Lima , Peru today, and from there to mainland cities commodity . As a result, commodities took a very long time to reach the city , which was on the other side of the continent, and high taxes have made them almost unattainable . In addition , it increased the anger of the locals towards the Spanish authorities . Traders city exhausted by this system , and over time developed a thriving smuggling industry . Accordingly, Carlos III of Spain gradually ease restrictions on trade and finally declared Buenos Aires an open port at the end of the 18th century. In addition, Portobello occupation by British forces increased the need for trade across the Atlantic and hit the brake based trading . Additionally Carlos split the sub- region kingdoms of Peru and made it sub- kingdom of Rio de la Plata with Buenos Aires as the capital . However, these measures did not cause lull the desired effect and local , some are influenced by the ideology of the French Revolution , more and more convinced that they should get independence from Spain.
The city was attacked twice during the British invasions of the Rio de la Plata, as part of the Napoleonic Wars . In 1806, the British were able to invade the city , but an army from Montevideo led by Santiago de Liniirs defeated them shortly. During the British rule in the short term, Viceroy of the Río de la Plata, Rafael Sobrmonta managed to escape Cordoba and intended it to be the new capital . Buenos Aires back to the capital after its liberation , but Sobrmonta could not stay on the viceroy . De Liniirs , chosen as the viceroy of the new armed the city to prepare for an invasion attempt , and top British experience in 1807 . Armament violated the social balance in favor of Creoles and Argentina account Hfninsulrim . Merchant Hfninsulr Martin de Alsgh tried overthrown and replaced Liniirs junta , but armies Creoles stopped him . However, rather Creoles are those who overthrew the rule of the new viceroy , Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros on May 25, 1810 . It is known to the May Revolution and modern day celebrated in Argentina . This event started the Argentine War of Independence , leaving Buenos Aires many armies fought many monarchists centers , different levels of success. Independence from Spain was declared official in 1816 at the Congress of Tucumán .
The city was under blockade twice under the French Navy between 1838 and 1840 , and under fleet Anglo - French from 1845 to 1848. Both blockades failed to subdue the city , and finally the foreign forces withdrew their demands.
Later 19th century political status of Buenos Aires was a sensitive issue . First was the capital of Buenos Aires Province , and later was the capital of the State of Buenos Aires ) retired Argentine Confederacy . Matter finally resolved in 1880 when the city was separated from the rest of Buenos Aires Province , and became a federal district and capital of Argentina . The government moved to sit in it , and Casa Rosada became to the President of Argentina.
At the end of the 19th century and the first three decades of the 20th century the city became a favorite destination for immigrants from Europe , which contributed greatly to the formation of population today ( Italians, Germans, French , Spaniards , Jews , and Asians living in the city ) .
On 17 March 1992 a car bomb exploded in the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires and led to the deaths of 29 and wounding 242 people. On July 18, 1994 bombing of the Jewish community building , and resulted in the deaths of 96 and wounding many more . Trace those responsible for these terrorist attacks led Hizballah and Iran.
Salta is a city located in the Lerma Valley, at 1,152 metres (3780 feet) above sea level in the north west part of Argentina and it is also the name for the capital city of the Salta Province. Along with its metropolitan area, it has a population of 619,000 inhabitants, which makes it the second most populated city in the northwest of the country. Within Argentina, Salta is the city which has preserved its colonial architecture the best.
During the war of independence, the city became a commercial and military strategic point between Perú and the Argentine cities. Between 1816 and 1821, the city was led by local military leader General Martín Miguel de Güemes, who under the command of General José de San Martín, defended the city and surrounding area from Spanish forces coming from further north.
Salta emerged from the War of Independence politically in disarray and financially bankrupt, a condition that lingered throughout much of the 19th century. However, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the arrival of Italian, Spanish andArab immigrants, particularly Syrians and Lebanese, revived trade and agriculture all over the area while further enhancing the city's multicultural flavor.
Big city gray and boring, it is a huge port city in Argentina to use and export purposes Argentine Navy. The city is about 10 hours drive south from the capital Buenos Aires. If, however, you are here then know that the city itself does not have too much to look for foreign artists' market on Sundays at Plaza Rivadavia. The beaches here are not successful you will deal with. Only two map you will find the Sierra de la Ventana that beautiful mountain range where mountain climbers among you can find purpose. No other city offer tourists.
The beginnings of the fort city established on April 11, 1828 by Ramon Astomva , order of the governor of Buenos Aires, Juan Manuel de Rosas . Fort designed to protect cattle farmers around , and protect the coast from the Brazilian navy , signed in the same year. Charles Darwin visited the area during his travels to South America in September 1833 . The fortress was attacked several times by the Indians , especially in 1859 .
After the railway construction in Buenos Aires in 1885 , a move facilitated the transportation of grain from the city out, the city began to prosper economically . It grew quickly thanks to the policy of encouraging emigration from Europe, mostly from Spain and Italy , but also France and the Netherlands.
Communities of Jewish immigrants from Germany and Eastern Europe arrived in the city at the beginning of the 20th century, and during and after World War II .