Herbert Hoover

31st President of the United states

In office
March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933

Vice President - Charles Curtis

Preceded by Calvin Coolidge

Succeeded by Franklin D. Roosvelt

World War 1

  • In 1914, Herbert Hoover was living and working in London, England, when World War I broke out in Europe.

  • At the start of World War I (1914-18), Hoover dedicated his talents to humanitarian work. He helped 120,000 stranded American tourists return home from Europe when the hostilities broke out, and coordinated the delivery of food and supplies to citizens of Belgium after that country was overrun by Germany.

  • When the U.S. entered the war in 1917, President Woodrow Wilson appointed Hoover as the head of the Food Administration. Hoover encouraged Americans to reduce their consumption of meat and other commodities in order to ensure a steady supply of food and clothing for the Allied troops.

  • He earned worldwide acclaim for his humanitarian efforts, as well as thousands of appreciative letters from people across Europe who benefited from the free meals known as “Hoover lunches.”

  • Hoover’s success made him as secretary of commerce under President Warren Harding , and he continued in this position under President Calvin Coolidge as well.

Personal Life

-Herbert Hoover was born on August 10, 1874, in West Branch, Iowa, and was the first president born west of the Mississippi River.

-When Hoover was six years old, his father died. Three years later his mother also died, and Hoover was then raised in Oregon by his maternal aunt and uncle.

-Hoover entered Stanford University in 1891, its inaugural year, after failing all the entrance exams (except math) and then being tutored for the summer in Palo Alto.

-Hoover graduated in 1895 with a degree in geology.

-Hoover went to Western Australia in 1897 as an employee of Bewick, Moreing & Co., a London-based gold mining company.

-He served as a geologist and mining engineer while searching the Western Australian goldfields for investments. After being appointed as mine manager at the age of 23, he led a major program of expansion for the Sons of Gwalia gold mine at Gwalia, and brought in many Italian immigrants to cut costs and counter the union militancy of the Australian miners.

Great Depression

  • The Great Deppression began in August of 1829, but was not realized until Wall Street Crash of October, 1929
  • Herbert Hoover was blamed by the public for the Great Deppression
  • Hoover was thought to have taken a hands-off approach to the economy (laiszez-faire), but in reality he was very
  • Hoover tried to combat the Great Deppression by tax cuts and public works projects, he wanted to keep money in the people's and give the people work.
  • The Hoover administration first tried to save the economy with Emergency Relief and Construction Act, but this act did not have a large impact at the time.