### March, 2016

The March NTA will be held at Miller Elementary on Tuesday, March 1st. This month's Academy will be for 1st-3rd year teachers. Elementary NTA will be from 4:00-6:00 pm while secondary NTA will be from 5:00-7:00 pm. We look forward to seeing you there!
Presentation tips for teachers (Never give a boring lecture again!) TEDxOsaka

## Curriculum Spotlight: Math

Fluency with Basic Facts: It’s More than Memorization!

Think back to your elementary math classroom! If you were asked to recall specific memories from this classroom, one would most likely come to mind…the dreaded timed tests. For some of us that memory brings a rush of adrenaline; our competitive nature comes out in full force. But for others of us, perhaps the majority of us, we immediately recall a sense of anxiety and fear. These tests occurred perhaps weekly with the intention of helping us to memorize our facts and to show evidence of this memorization by solving as many facts as possible in a certain amount of time, hopefully in less time than it took the week before. But if you were asked about the effectiveness of these tests, our answers would be all over the page. The truth is… some of us are memorizers, many of us are not!

Fast forward to the present! There are children in your classroom today who are not memorizers. It does not matter how many flash cards you put in front of them, they just don’t have an immediate answer. It does not matter how many times you tell them 6 x 9 = 54, they cannot recall it when asked later. So, how do we teach these students who simply are not getting it? Sherry Parrish, in her book, Number Talks: Helping Children Build Mental Math and Computation Strategies, defines fluency as “knowing how a number can be composed and decomposed and using that information to be flexible and efficient with solving problems” (159). Jo Boaler adds in her article, Fluency Without Fear: Research Evidence on the Best Ways to Learn Math Facts, “The best way to develop fluency with numbers is to develop number sense and to work with numbers in different ways, not to blindly memorize without number sense.”

So how can we help our students develop fluency? What does this look like in the classroom? Number talks, developed by Ruth Parker and Kathy Richardson, are one of the best methods for developing number sense in our students. For example, a teacher may ask for the product of 7 x 8. If a student does not have automatic recall of this fact, they can break it down and make connections to facts they do know.

## cont...

These students have all solved the same problem in their own way. What enriched this number talk even more is the conversation. Students who can do the math need to talk about the math! Students learn from each other. They begin to make connections when they compare how they solved it to how others solved it. You may ask yourself if the strategies used above represent fluency and the answer is YES! As students make these connections over time, these facts become part of their automatic recall. The end goal is that students automatically recall their facts, but memorization is not necessarily the best route. Providing students with strategies to solve basic facts not only sets them on a path to automatic recall, but also allows them to explore and manipulate with numbers, also known as number sense!

## Prioritizing When the Workload Piles Up

Teaching is a lot like housework. You will never truly be finished, and even when you are caught up, something new lands on top of the pile. It helps to prioritize, in order, what is often a prodigious workload:

1. Student welfare. Anything that has to do with a student's well-being eclipses other concerns. A student might be experiencing problems at home, issues with friends, anxiety, bullying, or other challenges. Taking care of kids comes first.

2. Lesson planning. Preparation is a huge component of classroom management. Spend your time developing organized lesson plans that support the learning standards for your subject/grade and account for student engagement and responsibility. Include all the necessary components: a do-now, the meat of the instruction, activities to support the instruction, plans for closure, and built-in formative assessments. Have all of the materials prepared before you execute the lesson and keep a back-up plan in mind.

3. Parent contact. As a general rule, respond to parents as soon as possible. If you can't reach them by the end of the school day, apply a 12-hour rule and respond by the next morning. When it is impossible to immediately address a parent's concerns, do your best to let the parent know you will be in touch at a mutually convenient time.

4. Administrative contact. Concerns from the administration are often connected to the first three priorities. If you tend to the first three in order, there is a good chance that any issues brought to your principal or assistant principal may resolve on their own. For example, when you receive an e-mail that says "see me about a student" and you've already been in contact with that student's parents, you are aware of issues that need attention.