Down Syndrome

By Caleb Carrigan

General Information

Down Syndrome, less commonly known as Trisomy 21 or shortened to DS, is a disease caused by nondisjunction on the 21st chromosome of the human cell. When the chromosome fails to separate during the beginning steps of pregnancy, the 21st chromosome gets an extra copy, giving it 3 chromosomes, and causes development issues in the brain and physical features of the baby.

Treatments, Preventions, and Research on Down Syndrome

There are no known cures for Down Syndrome, and there are no preventions for it either. Research is being done to see if it possible to find a cure for Down Syndrome, but there are cures for the many diseases that Down Syndrome gives people a higher chance of having. Almost everything is known about Down Syndrome, except for exactly why it occurs or what causes the chromosome to make an extra copy. It is also not known why some people have children with Down Syndrome and others don't.

People with Down Syndrome and their Futures

Although their fertility rates are lower than people without Down Syndrome, people with Down Syndrome can have kids if they so please. There are many issues with having kids when a person has Down Syndrome though. Among others, if the mother has Down Syndrome, there is around a 45% chance her child will also have the disease, and around a 55% chance they will not. Whether the father has Down Syndrome or not does not matter.

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