NEODYMIUM

By: Kathleen Gekiere

Some Physicality

  • Atomic Number: 60
  • Atomic Mass: 144.242
  • Protons: 60
  • Neutrons: 84
  • Electrons: 60
  • Solid at room temperature
  • Melting Point: 1024 C
  • Boiling Point: 3100 C
  • Lanthanoid Group
  • Misch Metal



Societal

From the Greek words "noes didymos" meaning "new twin"

Discovered by Cark F. Auer von Welsbach in 1885

Used in:

  • Powerful permanent magnets in computers, cell phones, medical equipment, toys, motors, wind turbines and audio systems
  • Crystal in lasers for skin cancer, hair removal and the cutting and welding of steel
  • Colored glasses and enamals
  • Goggles for glass blowers

It is $420 for 100 grams.