What is the amazon rainforest?
The Amazon rainforest is a moist, broadleaf forest and it covers 7 million square kilometers (or 1.7 billion acres).
10% of the world’s known species live in the Amazon rainforest.
20% of the world’s bird species live in the Amazon rainforest.
It is home to around 2 and a half million different insect species as well as over 40,000 plant species.
There are also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the cougar, jaguar and anaconda.
Importance: Tropical forests and woodlands exchange vast amounts of water and energy with the atmosphere and are thought to be important in controlling local and regional climates. Water released by plants into the atmosphere through evaporation and plant transpiration. Did you also know what is the connection between the blue-green pills in your bathroom cupboard and the Amazon wildlife? The natural roots of medicine. For millennia, humans have used insects, plants and other organisms in the region for a variety of uses; and that includes agriculture, clothing and, of course, cures for diseases.
Anacondas are one of the most commonly known animals in the amazon due to its incredible length (up to 30 feet). Let alone do people know that is one of the common animals that is going extinct. In many parts of South America, they are hunted, both legally and illegally, for their skin and for sale in the illegal pet trade.
A plant with no leaves, no roots, no stem and the biggest flower in the world sounds. Now that logging is cutting down tropical forests, the precious vine that Rafflesia depends on is disappearing, and Rafflesia along with it. The years of living dangerously are becoming all too clear.
Many people know gorillas due to is common icon in the zoo. Let alone do people know that is is one of the common animals that is going extinct. It’s anticipated that approximately 80% of gorilla population’s extinct, because of the destruction of their habitat, humans hunting them down & diseases as a result of Ebola virus.
The difference between harm and protection
What’s truly amazing, however, is that while the amazon/tropical rainforest covers just 2% of the Earth's land surface, they are home to two-thirds of all the living species on the planet. The animal diversity has dramatically decreased because we are killing their habitat. A wide range of animals are dying due to habitat loss so why not preserve what little of it we have that could potentially save thousands?
- Surface wildfires
- Selective logging
- Rehabilitation and increased productivity of formerly forested lands
- Expansion of protection areas
- Development based on concepts of sustainable use of some existing forest
- Land policy reform
- Law Enforcement
The cattle sector of the Brazilian Amazon is responsible for about 80% of deforestation, or about 14% of the world’s total. Making it world's largest single driver of deforestation.
10 to 50% of the Amazon is burnt because of the surface wildfires!
CLAS analysis showed that selective logging damaged more than 46,000 km2 of forest in the five states during the three-year study period.
Surface Wildfires: www.theguardian.com
Selective Logging: conservationmagazine.org
4th Block Earth Science