Amazon Rainforest

Selena Harris

What is the amazon rainforest?

The Amazon rainforest is a moist, broadleaf forest and it covers 7 million square kilometers (or 1.7 billion acres).

Fun facts:

  • 10% of the world’s known species live in the Amazon rainforest.

  • 20% of the world’s bird species live in the Amazon rainforest.

  • It is home to around 2 and a half million different insect species as well as over 40,000 plant species.

  • There are also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the cougar, jaguar and anaconda.

Importance: Tropical forests and woodlands exchange vast amounts of water and energy with the atmosphere and are thought to be important in controlling local and regional climates. Water released by plants into the atmosphere through evaporation and plant transpiration. Did you also know what is the connection between the blue-green pills in your bathroom cupboard and the Amazon wildlife? The natural roots of medicine. For millennia, humans have used insects, plants and other organisms in the region for a variety of uses; and that includes agriculture, clothing and, of course, cures for diseases.

The difference between harm and protection

What’s truly amazing, however, is that while the amazon/tropical rainforest covers just 2% of the Earth's land surface, they are home to two-thirds of all the living species on the planet. The animal diversity has dramatically decreased because we are killing their habitat. A wide range of animals are dying due to habitat loss so why not preserve what little of it we have that could potentially save thousands?

Harmful Activities

  1. Deforestation
  2. Surface wildfires
  3. Selective logging

Protection Efforts

  1. Rehabilitation and increased productivity of formerly forested lands
  2. Expansion of protection areas
  3. Development based on concepts of sustainable use of some existing forest
  4. Land policy reform
  5. Law Enforcement


The Amazon rainforest is located in South America and covers 2.1 million square miles of land. Brazil has 60%, Peru has 13%, and Colombia has 10% while other countries have very small parts of the rainforest within their borders.
Selena Harris

4th Block Earth Science