VCR #3 Presentation

Rhea Parikh

Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word from lesson 3.

Spider Monkeys are _________ to the Amazon Rainforest since they are not found anywhere else in the world.
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Definition: Commonly found in a particular region or among a particular people.

Part of Speech: adjective

Roots: Endemic comes from the Greek root Demos meaning "people."










Endemic is often confused with the words pandemic and epidemic.

  • Pandemic refers to something in a wide geographical area, while endemic refers to one particular area. For example, if you are referring to something in Northwest America, then you are talking about something that is endemic. If you say something is spread across the Americas, Europe, and Asia, then it is pandemic.
  • Epidemic sounds similar to endemic, which is why the two words are confused at times. An epidemic is an outbreak of disease that attacks many peoples at about the same time and may spread through one or several communities. Although, an epidemic stays in one region similarly to something that is endemic, they are not the same because endemic does not limit itself to just diseases. It can refer to anything that is common in a particular place. Also, epidemic is a noun, and endemic is an adjective.

Choose the letter of the sentence in which the word in bold is used incorrectly.

A. The Spanish Influenza was once endemic to China, but today, it has spread throughout the rest of the world.

B. The endemic spread very quickly through the small town of Maysville, wiping out most of its population.

C. When I went to Africa with my family, we went on a safari tour where I saw many endemic animals that I would never be able to see anywhere else.

D. The deforestation of the Black Forest in Germany is threatening the lives of many of its endemic creatures.

Choice B is the answer because endemic is being confused with the word epidemic in that sentence.