Executive Branch

The Local Executive Branch

Summary

The Local Executive Branch

The executive branch is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the constitution and laws passed by the legislative branch.

Governor

John Bell Edwards

The Governor is the chief executive officer of the state. It provides direct services such as medical care for the poor, regulates activities such as hazardous waste disposal, supervises the provision of services by local government such as education, and promotes the state to attract new businesses. The executive branch provides support functions necessary to fulfill these responsibilities, such as purchasing, personnel, and budgeting.


By the date of qualification, the candidate shall have attained the age of 25 years, be an elector, and have been a citizen of the United States and of Louisiana for at least the preceding 5 years. A person who has served as governor for more than one and one-half terms in two consecutive terms shall not be elected governor for the succeeding term.

State Elected Officials

District Elected Officials

District Elected Officials

Supervisory and policy boards for two departments are composed entirely or in part of members elected from districts. These are the Public Service Commission and BESE Board of Elementary and Secondary Education.


Each Louisiana voter is directly represented by a member of the Public Service Commission (PSC) and the BESE Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (BESE).


The PSC consists of five members elected from single-member districts. The most important function of the PSC is its power to set rates that consumers may be charged by public utilities such as electric, telephone, natural gas, and water companies and by common carriers such as trucking, bus, and taxi companies.

Department of Civil Service

Department of Civil Service

In 1940 the present Department of Civil Service was established by constitutional amendment. Under the department’s guidance, merit selection of job applicants was instituted; a uniform system of pay schedules was established; and promotion became dependent upon objective factors, such as length of service, qualifications and test results.


These and other measures increased the professionalism of the civil service and reduced the influence of politics on personnel decisions. Critics of the civil service system, in Louisiana and elsewhere, argue that the elaborate rules and procedures developed to insulate it from political pressures also limit the flexibility and initiative of executive branch agencies.


To address these criticisms, the Department of Civil Service has been working to give state agencies more flexibility in hiring and in setting pay.

Officers

Officers

The twelve so-called “cabinet” departments, those which are under the direct control of the governor, are each under the direction of a secretary, who is the executive head and chief administrative officer of that department. These cabinet departments are offices that are runned by officers.


These officers are the assistant secretaries of the office of the state library and the office of the state museum of the Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism, and the office of conservation of the Department of Natural Resources, respectively.

Appointed Boards and Commissions

Executive Departments and Their Duties

The executive branch includes over 500 Boards and Commissions. New boards are created every year. Boards and Commissions are sometimes referred to as the “fourth branch of government.” Most fall into the following major categories: occupational licensing, policy and advisory, higher education management, regional or local special purpose, marketing and promotion, special clientele programs , quasi-judicial, and independent boards that were created to remove them from politics.


The state’s numerous Boards and Commissions have been given responsibility for a great number of programs. Some are purely advisory boards while some are management boards. Still others are quite independent.

Executive Departments and Their Duties

22 Executive Departments and Their Duties

  • Division of Administration


DOA, a division serving under the Governor, is the central management and administrative support agency for the State.



  • Department of Agriculture and Forestry


LDAF, a department serving under the commissioner of agriculture, an elected official, is responsible for the development and growth of markets for Louisiana agricultural products.




  • Department of Children and Family Services


DCFS, a department directly under the governor and civil service, provides social services programs, such as the food stamp program, child welfare, and other public assistance programs.




  • Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism


DCRT, a department directly under the lieutenant governor and civil service, is responsible for state parks and recreation and tourism development.




  • Department of Economic Development


LED, a department directly under the governor and civil service, is charged with the overall improvement of Louisiana’s economy.




  • Department of Education


DOE, a department serves under the governor-appointed superintendent of education.




  • Department of Environmental Quality


DEQ, a department directly under the governor and civil service, is charged with the administration and and enforcement of environmental laws to ensure a healthful and safe environment.




  • Department of Health and Hospitals


DHH, a department directly under the governor and civil service, maintains health and medical services for disease prevention.




  • Department of Insurance


LDI, a department serving under the commissioner of insurance, an elected official, regulates insurance rates.




  • Department of Justice


The Department of Justice serves under the state's attorney general, an elected official.




  • Louisiana Workforce Commission


The Louisiana Workforce Commission, a commission directly under the governor and civil service, has programs to protect well-being of state’s workforce.




  • Department of Natural Resources


DNR, a department directly under the governor and civil service, helps with the conservation, regulation, and development of state natural resources (except timber, fish, and wildlife, which are designated to the Department of WildLife and Fisheries).




  • Department of Public Safety and Corrections


The Department of Public Safety and the Department of Corrections are directly under the governor and civil service, houses the state police, state property security, and gaming control, whose responsibilities include the enforcement of criminal and traffic laws and weights and standards.




  • Department Public Service


PSC, the Public Service Commission, comprises the Department of Public Service and is divided into five districts, each headed by a commissioner whom is a locally-elected official.




  • Department of Revenue


LDR, a department directly under the governor and civil service, ensures the assessment, evaluation, and collection of state taxes.




  • Department of State


SOS, the office of the secretary of state whom is an elected official, comprises the Department of State.




  • Department of State Civil Service


DSCS, a department directly under the governor and civil service, is responsible for processing many state jobs.




  • Department of Transportation and Development


DOTD, a department directly under the governor and civil service, is generally responsible for transportation within the state: airports, highways, bridges, railroads, waterways, intermodal transportation, public transportation, and mass transit. Public works and flood and drainage control also fall under DOTD's control.




  • Department of the Treasury


The Department of the Treasury serves under the state treasurer, an elected official.




  • Department of Veterans Affairs


VA, a department directly under the governor and civil service, staffs the functions of the state's veterans service offices.




  • Department of Wildlife and Fisheries


LDWF, a department directly under the governor and civil service, sponsors programs related to wildlife and fish, including research and replenishment.