Kristallnacht

Claudia Putnam 1st Period

Inroduction

Kristallnacht means night of broken glass. It got this meaning from the events that occurred on November 9th and 10th in 1938. Shattered pieces of glass filled the streets in parts Germany, Austria, France, and Sudetenland from the event that occurred to the Jewish people.

The Night of Broken Glass

The Nazis and anti-Jews that lived locally organized and accomplished their mission to wreck havoc on the Jews from the Nazi leader, Adolf Hitler. The people were breaking into the Jews stores, raiding their homes, and beating them in the streets. During this event there was 267 synagogues destroyed, which were where Jews go to worship and study. The synagogues were almost like a community center for the Jews. The anti-Jews and Nazis would break down the doors and enter the homes to beat the family and destroy their belongings. At a rough estimate 7,500 shops owned by Jewish people were broken into, burned and looted. Though many Jews were injured and beaten, only 91 were declared dead . Even though during the aftermath of this event there was a high peak in suicides and rapes of the victims were left in the streets. Many of the people who were taken from their homes or found on the roads were arrested and sent to concentration camps.

Video Interview

This is an interview with a woman that was a victims of the Kristallnacht
Survivors Remember Kristallnacht: Susan (Strauss) Taube

Herschel Grynszpan

This event occurred after a 17 year old Polish Jew named Herschel Grynszpan, who was living in Paris at the time, got revenge for his family by shooting killing a man that was the third sectary member of the German Embassy staff. The German Embassy Sectary that was shot was Ernst vom Rath on November 7th, 1938. The shooting gave Adolf Hitler a chance to tell the Germans “rise in bloody vengeance against the Jews". In October 1,500 Jews including his family that were all originally from Poland were all swept up with no warning and put into box-cars and dumped on borders of Poland. His famous quote for Jews was said when he was taken in by the police. he said, “Being a Jew is not a crime. I have a right to live and the Jewish have a right to exist on earth..’’ during this the Nazis took him from the prison where he then became a prisoner of war and was held at the concentration camp of Scachsenhausen. He was held there for the entire war. Grynszpan was one of the very few lucky survivors from the deadly camp. He was rescued by the Allies when the war was officially over. When he was rescued he was relocated to the United States with a new identity.

Intresting Facts

1.400 million dollars was owed from the Jewish population to the German Government.

2.This was the first organized event against Jewish people.

3.Hitler personally attended Ernst vom Rath's funeral.

4. Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a statement to the media about this event on November 15, 1938,(even though the United States did not join the war till December 7, 1941.)

5.Kristallnacht was the turning point.

Website Information

http://www.history.com/topics/kristallnacht: This website is the version of the well known History Channel. It supplied information on the Kristallnacht's event during and aftermath. It has videos, pictures, and important facts about Kristallnacht and the Holocaust in general. The web page is a very reliable source of information on this topic and people involved in it.

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005201: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's website is the national database for all things holocaust. It contained videos, interviews, documents, photographs, and many more great information on Kristallnacht that was usable for this article. This website contains many volumes of different information that is all related and apart of the devastating Holocaust with quotes and interviews with the victims.

Photo and Fact Citaion

Rosen, Morris. Picture of Herschel Grynszpan. Digital image. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum., 18 Aug. 2015. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.<http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005201&MediaId=6382>.


History.com Staff. "Kristallnacht." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 07 Feb. 2016. <http://www.history.com/topics/kristallnacht>.

Gavin, Philp. "The History Place - World War II in Europe Timeline: November 9/10 1938 -


Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass." The History Place - World War II in Europe Timeline: November 9/10 1938 - Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass., 4 July 1996. Web. 07 Feb. 2016. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/knacht.htm>.


"Kristallnacht." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum., 18 Aug. 2015. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005201>