Food Staples

What factors affect countries having different food staples?

What is a food staple?

A food staple is a food that makes up the dominant part of a population's diet, they are eaten regularly, even daily. Most food staples are inexpensive, and are usually plant based foods. There are more than 50,000 edible plants in the world, but 15 of them provide 90 percent of the world’s food energy intake. Some examples of foods that are staples in some countries are corn (maize) , rice and wheat.
Big image

Factors that can affect food staples

  • Climate- The food staples can vary from country to country depending on the climate, whether it is hot, cold, wet or dry and all be factors that affect food staple. Cultures indigenous to polar climates, where fresh fruits and vegetables are scarce, rely on meat and fish as food staples. Often, seafood provides the majority of their energy and nutrient needs. For example, Eskimo tribes of Alaska and northern Canada have traditionally eaten seal, walrus, and whale meat in addition to many kinds of fish. In tropical climates, people often rely on starchy fruits such as plantains and breadfruit. In parts of Africa and Asia, especially India, legumes such as beans, lentils, and chickpeas are staple foods.
  • Native Plants- Since most food staples are plant based, the staple can vary it each country. come country might have certain foods that are actually adapted to the climate and conditions in that country
  • Advancement in technology- Especially in developing country the advancement of technology could be able to change the was that foods are transported, manufactured and how they are stored and therefor could lead to come changes in food staples around the world

How this affects food production

Food staples are often produced in mass when it comes to the production of them. There are many factors that affect the food staple growth which then can massively affect the production of them. One of these factors is the uncertain Climate.

Changes in the world's climate will bring major shifts in food production. In some places, temperatures will rise and rainfall will increase; in others, rainfall will decrease. In addition., coastal flooding will reduce the amount of land available for agriculture. In general, food crops are sensitive to climate change. Such change, which affects soil temperature and moisture levels, also determines the vitality of both beneficial organisms and pests. Due to the enormous uncertainties surrounding global climate change, estimates of cropland reductions vary widely from 10 to 50 percent. But this much is clear: global warming is likely to alter production of rice, wheat, corn, soybeans, and potatoes which are staples for billions of people and major food crops in both North America and Africa.