Aboriginals - The Iroquoians
The Iroquois are mixed between gatherers, fishers, hunters, and farmers, but although there were so many categories of jobs, their main diet relied on farming. Wild roots, berries, nuts, and greens were gathered by gatherers during the summer, and during the spring, maple sap was harvested and boiled into maple syrup for a natural sweetener.
Fun Fact: Did you know that the aboriginals literally used every single part of the buffalo? They would use the tail as a fly swatter, the bones as tools, the blood & intestines as food, the hide as clothing & blankets, and even dried dung as fuel!
Family Fun Fact
Tradition & Religion
The Iroquois believed strongly in dreams and visions, hence having dream catchers. When boys reach puberty, they would go into a forest to meditate, and not eat any food. The weaker they get, the more visions would appear. They believed that if they spend their whole lives worshiping Kitchi-Manitou, they would have a good afterlife and live with him.
After the arrival of the European explorers, a lot of Iroquois became Christian instead. They followed the traditions of the Christians and worshiped Jesus.
Economic Trades Fun Fact
Politics & Morals
Iroquois believed boys should start to learn hunting at a young age to help them improve their leadership and confidence. Activities were planned according to the seasons; different ceremonies according to different seasons, and different activities like gathering according to the climate. They believed that the gods helped them with everything, so the clan mothers would thank the sun, lightning and earth for enriching their crops.
Environments and Transportation
The Iroquois lived near the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence river, where forests covered hilly areas. There were lots of small rivers and lakes; very convenient for hunting and fishing. There was lots of rich land for crops to be grown, and the forests were full of beefy animals.
For transportation, they used canoes over water that could be made from the bark of elm trees if birch wood was not available. In the winter, men and women carried heavy loads on foot, and wore rackets so that they wouldn't sink in the deep snow.