Danny Walworths science class

Matter

Solids

Definition

Having three dimensions (length, breadth, andthickness), as a geometrical body or figure.
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Details

1.) Solid are tightly packed, usually in a regular pattern.

2.) Solid vibrate (jiggle) but generally do not move from place to place.

3.) Retains a fixed volume and shape

Examples

1.) Solids do not flow like liquids.

2.) Does not change shape by its self.

Liquids

Definition

Having a consistency like that of water or oil. Flowing freely but of constant volume.

Details

1.) Liquid are close together with no regular arrangement.

2.) Liquid vibrate, move about, and slide past each other.

3.) Assumes the shape of the part of the container which it occupies.

Examples

1.) Water takes form of its container, Exp- a cup.

2.) Waters particles move so liquids flow easily.

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Gases

Definition

An airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available, irrespective of its quantity.
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Details

1.) Gas are well separated with no regular arrangement.

2.) Gas vibrate and move freely at high speeds.

3.) Assumes the shape and volume of its container.

Examples

1.) Helium assumes the shape of its holder ( Balloon )

2.) Co2 ( a gas ) particles move freely at high speeds, which makes it fly in the air.

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Plasma

Definition

An ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons in proportions resulting in more or less no overall electric charge, typically at low pressures (as in the upper atmosphere and in fluorescent lamps) or at very high temperatures (as in stars and nuclear fusion reactors).

Details

1.) A state of matter that resembles a gas but has certain properties that gases do not have.

2.) Like a gas, plasma consists of particles of matter than can pull apart and spread out, so it lacks a fixed volume and a fixed shape.

3.) Unlike a gas, plasma can conduct electricity and respond to a magnetic field.

Examples

1.) Plasma makes up most the matter in the universe.

2.) Plasma balls ( looks like purple lightning in a ball ).

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Bose Einstein Condensate

Definition

A state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.

Details

1.) A state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.

2.) This state was first predicted, generally, in 1924–25 by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein

3.)