The Byzantine Empire (330-1453 AD)

Matteo Agius and Eder Garcia

Essential Question for our Topic:

How did the Byzantine Empire influence civilization?
The Differences Between The Roman Empire and The Byzantine Empire

Justinian and Justinian’s Code

Justinian I took power in 527 AD and ruled till his death which was in 565 AD. Justinian's armies reconquered many parts of the Western Roman Empire. Great monuments were also built under his name. He soon established a Byzantine legal code that would be studies for centuries and help shape the modern concept of the state. It was divided into four parts, it became a foundation of early Roman laws. The four parts were; The Institutes which served as a book in law for students. The Digest was a casebook covering many trials. The Codex was a collection of principles, and the Novels were new sets of laws written.
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Time period, Capital, Rise and Fall

The Byzantines were successful and rose because of their location. It's capital, Constantinople was very heard to breach and invade. It kept political stability in the empire, and gained great wealth thanks to proper given taxes. They also had much more economic resources. These were why they were able to survive after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The economy then started to cripple. Murad was able to siege Constantinople. Emperor Constantine XI was also killed in battle. These things led to the fall of the Byzantines.

Religion and religious changes (Hagia Sophia)

In the 11th century marked the beginning of the Crusades. It was a series of holy wars by Western Christians against Muslims from 1095 to 1291 AD. The Haga Sophia which was the leading Mosque, belonged to the the Romans before as a Christian Church.

Greek influence on Byzantium

The Byzantines patronized the arts, churches, palaces, and other cultural institutions for the study of Greek history. People even spoke Greek and wore many of the same Greek-styled clothing.
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Main characteristics of Byzantine Empire

Many Characteristics made the Byzantines and their empire powerful and unique. A Centralized government kept all parts of their land united and made it easy to properly distribute and receive taxes.
They also had advanced trade-routes, since they were close to the Mediterranean and bordered west Asia, they were able to sell many goods.They also unified Church and State, giving laws that had a Christian base, which made many of their people follow them. They also had astounding architecture like the Haga Sofia, palaces, and other buildings. Their capital Constantinople was a masterpiece of fortification, it included huge walls, palaces, and churches.

Legacy/significance of the Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine culture would exert a monumental influence on other western civilizations in the future, including ourselves. Many of our laws and regulations can be traced back to Justinian's code. Christianity as a religion became even more spread to other parts of the world and also by the crusades. This is a huge reason on why there are more then one billion followers in today's world.

Username: Password: byzantinehistory1

Essential Question

How did the Byzantine Empire influence civilization?

Critical Thinking Question

CQ- How did connections with trade and his decisions strengthen
Justinian's power?

Since the Byzantine Empire was connected to the Mediterranean
Sea there were many trade routes that were accessibly to different
civilizations. Such as ones in North Africa, Western Asia, and
Central/Northern Europe. They were able to trade many goods such as
grain and silk under Justinian's rule. There was even a functioning
market for grain in the capital Constantinople since the demand was so
high. These trade routes generated a great amount of money for the
empire, making Justinian a successful leader.

Justinian also made a great decision of creating a list of
laws called Justinian's Code to strengthen the empire. He removed
contradictory and outdated laws, and set up improved up-to-date ones.
Which were so useful some are still used today. The code was
revolutionary for everyone in the empire, it organized and stabilized
the empire. This secured Justinian's position as emperor since he
gained the likes of many.

Work Cited

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Hagia Sophia. Digital image. Teslasociety. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014. <>.