Novel idea vocabulary

Joe Illix

Flashback

a scene set in a time earlier than the main story


In the children's movie Up, the old man has a flashback as he remembers meeting his wife and marrying her, which helps us to better understand why he does not want to leave the house that they have shared.

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foreshadowing

a hint on what is going to happen later in the story


In the fairy tale, Little Red Riding Hood, the mother is concerned for her safety and that foreshadows the appearance of the big bad wolf.

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Euphemism

a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant


You are becoming a little thin on top (bald)

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Style

the particular way in which a writer uses language; created through diction (word choice) or figurative language


The studio was filled with the rich odor of roses, and when the light summer wind stirred amidst the trees of the garde The sullen murmur of the bees shouldering their way throug or circling with monotonous insistenc”

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Structure

the way in which the author organizes a piece of literature


during the exposition in the book cinderella we learn this story takes place long ago in a kingdom, and it involves a young, pretty girl named Cinderella who lives with her evil stepmother and stepsisters. We learn some background to help us understand these characters.

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Inference

a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning


he floor is covered in shreds of newspaper and Susan's dog has newsprint on his paws. It can be inferred that Susan's dog ate the newspaper.


Imagery

visually descriptive or figurative language; the senses are used to create an image in a reader’s mind

Where the ocean kissed the southern shore

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Simile

comparing two things using “like” or “as”


This house is as clean as a whistle.

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Metaphor

comparing two things without using “like” or “as"


She was fairly certain that life was a fashion show.

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Personification

giving human characteristics to inanimate objects


The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.


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Allusion

a reference to a statement, person, place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture


“I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.” This refers to the story of Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a lie.


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