Women of the American Revolution

Madi Traver - 1st Period

Carol Berkin on Women in the American Revolution

Women on the Battle Field

Margaret Corbin- When the gunner was killed during battle, she took over her husband's job of loading the cannon, and even when her husband was killed in the heat of the battle, she kept fighting. She was shot, and left for the dead, but a passing doctor saw her and saved her life, but she was left pemantely disabled. Margaret was the first women to ever win a lifetime pension medal.

Molly McCauley- When she saw her husband get shot in the arm, she rushed to his side and fired several rounds at the oncoming British soldiers. She impressed General Washington, who nicknamed her as "Sergeant Molly Pitcher".

Elizabeth Zane - During a battle with Indians, when the men ran out of gunpowder, Elizabeth volunteered to run and get some from her brother's house. On the way, no Indians attempted to shoot her, but when they noticed she was running back with gunpowder in her apron, she barely made it, missing many arrows.

While many people may think that all women did during the revolution was take over the shops and make food/clothes, many of them played a huge role ON the battlefield, and off.

Women at Home

Even the women who stayed home played a big role in the revolution, like.....

Elizabeth Burgin- Because prison ships were cheaper than actually building ones on land, there were a lot in New York. She visited them as often as she could, and when a Patriot officer saw this, he asked for her help to get over 200 prisoners to escape. They were succselful, but she was forced to move to New England afterwards. Even though she was friendless, she was proud of what she had done.

Lydia Darragh- Because she was a quaker and refused to get involved in the war, the British decided to use her house as a place to hold meetings. During one of these meetings, she overheard the British planning to have a suprise attack on George Washington and his men. When she heard this, she decided to go and tell Washington, and the Patriots ended up winning the battle, because of Lydia.

Rebecca Motte- Rebecca's home was ideal for a fort, so the British moved her out, and moved themselves in. The Patriots needed the British out, and so did Rebecca, even if it meant burning down her own house. In fact, she supplied the fire arrows to do so. Once they got the British out, the patriots were able to salvage most of the house, and afterwards, Rebecca cooked them a dinner.

Women Making a Difference

Here are a few great examples of women who made huge differences

Penelope Barker- Penelope led the Edenton Tea Party, but the 50+ women did not dress up and dump tea into the ocean. Instead, they wrote a declaration against the use of tea, and clothes made from British cloth that was sent to the British. At the beginning, they laughed at the women, but as more joined the boycott, they caught the British's attention. Making them realize it was actually pretty serious.

Martha Bratton- Martha and her husband were in charge of the gunpowder, which was very important back then. When her husband was away, she was left her in charge. When she heard that the British were coming to steal it, she set a trap that blew up the building and the soldiers who came. When captured, she admitted to it, and was let go. Later, she set up a hospital for BOTH British and American soldiers.

Sybil Lunginton- Sybil is known as the female Paul Revere, even though her trip was TWICE as long as Revere's was. She warned many villages, and caused the Britsh to move back, later to departure.

Women Undercover

Being sneaky in the revolution was risky, and could get killed, but that didn;t stop these brave girls!

Emily Geiger- In 1781, General Nathaniel Greene needed reinforcements becuase the British were coming. When a messenger was needed, Emily volunteered becuase she knew the land well. At first, she was able to avoid the British, but she got caught and was questioned. The British needed her searched, but being polite gentlemen, they called for women to search her. Emily ate the secret message before they got there. She got the message through to General Thomas Sumter, who arrived in time to save the day. Very, very sneaky.

Martin Sisters- The women were tired of how the british treated women and children, so they took an opportunity to help out. Knowing that a courier was bringing British documents to South Carolina, they decided to stop the courier and get the documents for the Patriots. Borrowing their husbands' clothes and pistols, they waited in the dark by the road where the courier would be travelling. When they heard the horses, they stopped the British officers, taking what they needed without firing a shot.

Nancy Hart- If you were a British soldier stationed in Georgia, you knew about Nancy Hart, because she didn't just talk, she took action. When British soldiers came to question her about helping out a Patriot soldier, she admitted to it. Forced to cook the British a meal, she killed two of them... not with her cooking, with their own muskets. Another time, when information about British plans were needed, Nancy disguised herself as a crazy man and went into the British camp gathering vital information for the Patriots. Nancy is honored in Georgia with a county named after her and her portrait is in the state capital.

Women made a difference too!