By: Emmanuel Harris
Auschwitz 1 was built in 1940. It consisted of 22 barracks at first but as more people entered there, it grew rapidly. At its peak in 1944, Auschwitz 1 had 40 barracks and a population of about 135 thousand. Auschwitz 1 was a concentration camp that mainly housed Jews, Poles, and Gypsies. The people that were in these camps were stuffed in brick barracks and slept on wooden bunk beds. The barracks were extremely crowded and it was very uncomfortable for the prisoners. The prisoners were given 3 small meals a day that added up to around 1,500 calories. The prisoners were very hungry but were still forced to do hard labor. Miroslav Šalom Freiberger was a translator, writer, and spiritual leader. He was killed at the camp entrance when he protested against the way Jewish people were treated.
Auschwitz II operated for 3 years. It was one of the largest camps that made up the Auschwitz complex. Construction of the camp began in 1941 and it was supposed to be a camp for 125 thousand prisoners of war but instead was used to exterminate Jews. It was a very large dearth camp. 90% of people in the Auschwitz complex died here.The Germans isolated the people in Auschwitz II from the rest of the world by surrounding it with barbed wire. Diseases spread rapidly in Auschwitz II and dead bodies would be burned.