North American Natives

Information about the North American Natives

The Anasazi

These people built dams, ditches, and canals to capture rain from the very tops of Mesa and channel to the canyon floor. They made houses made out of stone and adobe which is a type of clay brick. These houses looked a lot like apartment structures. The Heart of Civilizations in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito where there was a HUGE complex of more than 1,000 people. The Anasazi also built roads for trading networks. Craftsmen made turquoise (blue) jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery. They did really good to influence art and architecture of the late groups like Hopi and Zuni, these were the 2 largest Pueblo groups to this day.

The Adena

These people lived in The Ohio Valley around 700 BC. The Adena's grew veggies like: squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. This produced copper jewelry and fine pottery. They lastly made mounds out of logs coved by piles of Earth.

North American Natives

Mississippians

These people arrived in Mississippi Valley around 800 AD. They had plants that were used for food and they added maize and beans. The Mississippians had an increase in their population that caused them to have the need for more land. More land resulted in a BIG number of cities with up to 10,000 people. The largest in this category was Cahokia. In the center of a city in Cahokia was a HUGE mound about 100 feet high based off of more than 14 acres. This was larger the Great Pyramid in Egypt. The Mississippians were surrounding this HUGE mound with 120 smaller mounds.

The Hopewell

This group of people lived in The Ohio Valley region in about 300 BC. They built HUGE mounds that could be around 40 feet high and 100 feet wide! Special artifacts were found and most people think it was from extreme TRADE work. The Adena and The Hopewell both referred to the "Mound Builders."