Galileo Galilei

The Father of Modern Science

Birth - Early life & Education

Galileo was born Febuary 15th 1564, in Pisa Italy. He was the eldest son of Vincenzo Galilei and Giulia Ammannati. His father was a well-known composer, who played the lute, a stringed instrument. As a young man, Galileo was torn between training to become a catholic priest or a doctor of medicine. His father encouraged him to study medicine, and Galileo took his father’s advice, starting a medical course at the University of Pisa when he was 17 years old. Soon, however, his father’s plans came unstuck.

Galileos Children & Childrens Mother

Galileo's inventions

  • The Geometric Compass
  • Thermoscope
  • Pendulum Clock
  • Microscope
  • Telescope
  • Telescope magnification devices
  • Horse power pump to raise water
  • Ship oar placement designs
  • Balance for weighing things in air and water

Galileo's Death

Following a papal trial in which he was found guilty of heresy, Galileo was placed under house arrest and his movements restricted by the Pope. From 1634 onward he stayed at his country house at Arcetri, outside of Florence. He went completely blind in 1638 and was suffering from a painful hernia and insomnia, so he was permitted to travel to Florence for medical advice. He continued to receive visitors until 1642, when, after suffering fever and heart palpatations, he passed away.