The celebration of the exiting of Egypt


Moses was born in Egypt on the "7 of Adar", the twelfth month, in the year 1393 BCE. In this time the Jews were slaves to the Pharoah. When Moses was born, all jewish boys were to be killed. His mother Jocheved and his sister Miriam tucked him in a basket and floated him down the river to save him. It is said the Pharoah's daughter found him and took him as her son. When Moses was older he saw the Jewish slaves harshly mistreated and left the kingdom. He became a shepherd and lived peacefully until God called upon him and told him to save the Jews. When the King did not let the people go, God brought the Plagues. From pests to death, finally the Pharoah let the Jewish people go. The people fled in fear of the Pharoah and in the process did not leaven their bread, creating matzah.

Matzah and the Seder

Matzah is the flat, cracker-like, unleavened bread which has become the central symbol of Passover, the Bible specifically commands eating Matzah on the first night of Passover, and prohibits all leavened products the entire week of the holiday. Referred to as “bread of poverty”, matzah recalls the food that the Israelites ate when they were slaves. It also recalls the rapid liberation of the Israelites, which happened so fast that they did not even have time to allow the bread for the journey to rise before setting out from Egypt.

Passover always begins on the 15th of Nissan, which is, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first month in the ancient Israelite calendar. Passover is about freedom and escaping from the Pharoah. Jews re-live the hardships with a long seder. Foods can be from wine to salt water and horse radish. The food all has a special meaning that is described in the ceremony.

This is Matzah, the flat cracker-like food.

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Did you know?

Matzah is referred to as “bread of poverty”.

Works Cited

"Britannica School." Britannica School. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <>.

Hirschfield, Rabbi Brad. "13 Things You Need to Know for Passover 2013." Fox News. FOX News Network, 25 Mar. 2013. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <>.

"Moses (1393-1273 BCE) - Jewish History." Moses (1393-1273 BCE) - Jewish History. Web. 23 Nov. 2014. <>.