Life in the 1700's

By: Shawn Burrell and Quinton Jones


Music during the 1700's evolved during this time. Before ballets and operas that were performed for the royal court, there were operas and ballets in the public. This time period for music was known as the "new classical". The "new classical" era was a time period in which music changed drastically. There were many composers during this time. One of them was a German Lutheran named Johann Sebastian Bach who wrote complex and beautiful religious works for organs and choirs. Another composer was George Frederick Handel that wrote the most celebrated work called the Messiah that includes instruments and voices. Lastly, there is Mozart who was an instant celebrity as a composer and a performer. He is one of the famous composers from Austria that made music during the Classical Era.

Messiah by George Frideric Handel


The art in the 1700’s consisted of Greek and Roman traditions, also known as the Baroque Era. The Baroque paintings were huge, colorful, and full of excitement. Most of the works were matched by the grandeur of European courts. The Rococo style was personal, elegant, and charming. Portrait paintings showed noble subjects in charming and rural settings surrounded by happy servants and pets. Baroque art was grand, energetic and theatrical. it influenced painting, sculpture, music and theatre.
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The life of a peasant varied across Europe. Peasants in Western Europe were relatively more prosperous compared to the peasants in Eastern Europe. In Eastern Europe, serfdom was firmly rooted in places such as Russia. The serfdom in Western Europe prospered more than it did in Eastern Europe. Peasants in France provided free labor. The peasant in Central and Southern Europe primary source of food was wheat. However, the Northern peasants primary source of food was rye.

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