U.S Congressional Body

U.S Congressional Leadership

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NC Senators

Burr, Richard - (R - NC)

217 Russell Senate Office Building Washington DC 20510

(202) 224-3154

Contact: www.burr.senate.gov/contact/email

Tillis, Thom - (R - NC)

185 Dirksen Senate Office Building Washington DC 20510

(202) 224-6342

Contact: www.tillis.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/email-me

NC Representatives

Member Name

DC Phone -- DC FAX -- Email

Senator Richard Burr (R- NC)

202-224-3154 -- 202-228-2981-- https://www.burr.senate.gov/contact/email

Senator Thom Tillis (R- NC)

202-224-6342 -- 202-228-2563 -- http://www.tillis.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/email-me

Representative G. K. Butterfield, Jr. (D - 01)

202-225-310 -- https://butterfield.house.gov/contact/email-me

Representative Renee L. Ellmers (R - 02)

202-225-4531 -- 202-225-5662 https://ellmers.house.gov/contact/

Representative Walter B. Jones, Jr. (R - 03)

202-225-3415 -- 202-225-3286 -- https://jones.house.gov/contact-me/email-me

Representative David Price (D - 04)

202-225-1784 -- 202-225-2014 -- https://price.house.gov/contact

Representative Virginia Foxx (R - 05)

202-225-2071 -- 202-225-2995 -- http://foxx.house.gov/contact/

Representative Mark Walker (R - 06)

202-225-3065 -- 202-225-8611 -- https://walker.house.gov/contact/email

Representative David Rouzer (R - 07)

202-225-2731 -- 202-225-5773 -- https://rouzer.house.gov/contact/email

Representative Richard Hudson (R - 08)

202-225-3715 -- 202-225-4036 -- https://hudson.house.gov/email-me

Representative Robert Pittenger (R - 09)

202-225-1976 -- 202-225-3389 -- https://pittenger.house.gov/contact/email-me

Representative Patrick McHenry (R - 10)

202-225-2576 -- 202-225-0316 -- http://mchenry.house.gov/contact/zipauth.htm

Representative Mark Meadows (R - 11)

202-225-6401 -- 202-226-6422 -- https://meadows.house.gov/contact/email-me

Representative Alma Adams (D - 12)

202-225-1510 -- 202-225-1512 -- http://adamsforms.house.gov/contact/

Representative George Holding (R - 13)

202-225-3032 -- 202-225-0181 -- https://holding.house.gov/contact/email-me

Legislative Powers of Congress

Section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

Section 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

Section 4. . The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature .

Section 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business. be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behavior, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.

Section 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States.

Section 7. All Bills for raising REVENUE shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.

Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States: If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If aftersuch Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting forand against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

Section 8. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate COMMERCE with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;
To establish Post Offices and post Roads;
To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offenses against the Law of Nations;
To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
To provide and maintain a Navy;
To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
To provide for calling forth the MILITIA to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, forthe Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings.

Section 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No TAX or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another. No Money shall be drawn from the TREASURY, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

Section 10. No State shall enter into any TREATY, ALLIANCE, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or DUTIES on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws; and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revisionand Control of the Congress.
No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep TROOPS, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

Non-Legislative Powers of Congress

  • Non-legislative functions are powers and responsibilities not related to passing laws
  • Include impeachment power, confirmation power, investigative power.

Limited Powers of Congress

Limits on Congress include...

  • pass ex post facto laws, which outlaw acts after they have already been committed.
  • pass bills of attainder, which punish individuals outside of the court system.
  • suspend the writ of habeas corpus, a court order requiring the federal government to charge individuals arrested for crimes.

Congressional Vocabulary

1). Expressed Powers- Powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution.

2). Implied Powers- Powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution.

3). Elastic Clause- Clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives congress the right to make all laws " Necessary and Proper " to carry out its Expressed Powers.

4). Impeach- To accuse government officials of misconduct in office.

5). Writ of Habeas Corpus- A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person.

6). Bill of Attainder- A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court.

7). Ex Post Facto Law- A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed.