What is it?
A birth defect in which a developing baby's spinal cord fails to develop properly.
How is it acquired ?
Scientists suspect the factors that cause spina bifida are multiple: genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors all play a role. Research studies indicate that insufficient intake of folic acid
What are symptoms of spina bifida ?
Symptoms can sometimes be seen on the skin above the spinal defect. They include an abnormal tuft of hair, a birthmark, or protruding spinal cord tissue. : hunched back, intellectual disability, nerve injury, paralysis, paralysis of the body's lower half, or physical deformity
What is the treatment
Colostomy, Spinal surgery, Spinal fusion, Suprapubic cystostomy, and Caesarean section
And also a back brace post surgery
How can it be detected?
The most common screening methods used to look for spina bifida during pregnancy are second trimester (16-18 weeks of gestation) maternal serum alpha fetoprotein screening and fetal ultrasound.
Can it be prevented
Spina bifida is best prevented by taking 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day. Studies have shown that if all women who could become pregnant were to take a multivitamin with the B-vitamin folic acid, the risk of neural tube defects could be reduced by up to 70%