Obesity

By Alicia Cullinane 10A2

Outline of health issue

Obesity is a way to describe having too much body fat. Being overweight is defined by a BMI between 25.0 and 29.9 and obesity is determined by a BMI of 30 or higher.

Why it's a National health priority area

Obesity has become a National health priority area because it is sitting at an alarming number 5 on the fattest country list. Obesity is the second highest contributor to burden of disease and nearly a quarter of all Australian (24.6%) are obese. Obesity is responsible for 7,200 deaths each year in Australia, as well one in five heart attacks, half of diabetes, and other problems such as reproductive complications and back pain.

Contributing causes and symptoms

Biological:

- Genetics: if both your parents are overweight there is more chance that

their child will be over weight

- Pharmacology

- Hormones

Behavioural:
- Physical activity

- Food choices

- Using public transport instead of walking
Social:

- Living wages

- access to health care

- access to healthy foods

- Social media

Treatment and prevention

- Eat healthy

- Excercise regularly

- Avoid eating fatty foods

- Follow a healthy eating plan

- Monitor your weight regularly

- Be consistent

- Balance calorie intake to calorie outtake

Local support agencies:

- Your doctor

- Dietitions Association of Australia Telephone: 1800 812 942

- National eating disorders collaboration

- Livelighter

- Obesity policy coalition

- Health Direct

Age groups and genders of Australians with these conditions.

Children:

- 1 in 4 Australian children (25%) are overweight or obese

Adults:

- Almost 2 in 3 Australian adults (63%) are overweight or obese.

- Males rates for obesity are higher than females.


Obesity results in adults

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Obesity results in children

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Health Promotion Strategy

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