One Pager On Defending The Coast
- Confederate General John Bankhead Magruder led the Confederate assault at Galveston on January 1, 1863.
- U.S forces captured Galveston in October 1862.
- In early January 1863, the 210-foot steam warship USS Hatteras was stationed off Galveston during the Union bombardment of the city.
- Hatteras was sunken offshore by the Confederate forces.
- Brownsville, Esparanza and Indianola fell under Union control briefly.
- The Union outnumbered the Confederacy thousands to 40, but the Confederates still won.
- The Confederates had captured 300 prisoners and stolen two gunboats.
- Evidence of this battle still remains on the ocean floor.
Generals Of The War
Questions And Answers
1. Why did the Confederates win the battle while being outnumbered? The Confederates shot at the Union from the sea with impressive accuracy.
2. Why did the Union lose the battle? The Union was unprepared to fight and did not have a plan.
3. How did USS Hatteras sink so fast? The ship sunk so fast because the Union did not see the Confederates coming.