Immigration & Population of Canada

And what might be the future?

Immigration to Canada

In Canada, we accept about 250,000 immigrants from around the world per year. Of course, when you enter a country as a immigrant, you have to reach requirements and Canada is no different. To get into Canada, you need to have:
- No criminal record
- An education
- To speak either english and/or french
- A good job experience

Now, Canada rates immigrants who come to Canada in 3 categories. People who come to join their families in Canada, people who are refugees (Humanitarians) and people who are selected for their skills and/or education as they may help the economy in the near future (Economic Immigration; makes up 2/3 of immigrants). Without immigration to Canada, our workforce will decrease; we need our workforce as one of the things to keep our economy going.

In Canada, we have something called a family program. What happens in this program is that there are spouses/partners of immigrants and/or citizens who are brought over to Canada by them. They also bring over their children, parents, and grandparents to Canada.

Did you know that there are refugees around you, yet you don't know it? In Canada, many people come as refugees to escape from their home country due to possible danger that can target them. There are thousands that are admitted as privately sponsored refugees that are brought in by the United Nations. Basically what happens is that people sponsor them and bring them into their home to live with them until they are out of danger. Over the years, the society of countries changed their way when it comes to newcomers. In Canada, mostly China, India, and the Philippines make up 1/3 of newcomers.

Canada needs immigration to keep the economy strong. Immigrants risk their lives to come be part of our economy everyday. They strengthen our economy and enrich our culture to become a more multicultural place.

What might be the future of Immigration to Canada?

In an overall conclusion, Canada's Immigration system will continue to be on the rise. There is clearly going to be changes happening in Canada’s immigration system that are bound to have a direct influence on immigration to Canada and what Canada will look like in the next couple of decades. One thing is for sure is that immigrants as a whole (regardless of where they come from) will continue to shape the future of Canada and the multiculturalism they bring with them will continue to be known.

Populaton Size

In the year of 1867 (the year of confederation), Canada's population was approximately around 3.5 million. Since then, Canada's population growth was steady and the country's population size has doubled every 40 years. In the recent years, Canada's population increase has slowed.

Natural Increase

Natural increase is largely dependant on the fertility rate (number of births per women). The most frequently used term for measuring fertility is the total fertility rate (TFR).Over the past 50 years, the total fertility rate had a dramatic decrease in Canada. From a high of 3.93 children per woman in 1959, the TFR underwent a sharp drop in the 1960s and then continued to drop until it reached a low of 1.49 children per woman in 2000. After that, the fertality rate increased to reach 1.6 children per woman in 2011. The replacement fertality rate or average number of children that women of one generation would need to have result to keep up the population -only through Natural Increase- is estimated 2.1 children per women for developed countries (ex. Canada) to keep those countries from having a drastic decrease in population.

Aging Population

The Canadian population is aging and seniors seems to be the fastest-growing age group. This trend is expected to continue for the next several decades due mainly to a below replacement fertility rate (the average number of children per woman), an increase in life expectancy, and the aging of the baby boomer generation. In 2011, it an estimation of 5.0 million Canadians were of 65 years or older, a number that is expected to double in the next 25 years to reach 10.4 million seniors by 2036. By 2051, it is estimated that about one in four Canadians are expected to be 65 or over.

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Canada's Population Growth

Canada's population growth has a fast growth rate. Our population growth has been fairly good for over the past fifty years and shows no sign of slowing down. Canada's growth is caused largely by the flow of international immigrats to Canada. In fact, Canada has a large amount of immigrants and multiculturalism, attracting even more immigrants here than the USA. Natural population growth is for only around a tenth of Canada's overall population increase each year. Canada is likely that its population will continue to grow rapidly for decades to come.

What might be the future of Canada's population?

In an overall conclusion, Canada's population will continue to rapidly increase. As citizens of Canada, the Canadian population will continue to age, either it being immigrants to Canada or born Canadians. That will not stop the net migration to continue. The population will continue to grow no matter what, since we have a steady stream of people coming from around the world.