Causes of T.B.
Symptoms of T.B.
- A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
- Pain in the chest
- Coughing up blood or sputum (phlegm from deep inside the lungs)
- Weakness or fatigue
- Weight loss
- No appetite
- Sweating at night
T.B. Risk Factors
- You have spent time with a person known to have TB disease or suspected to have TB disease
- You have HIV infection or another condition that puts you at high risk for TB disease
- You have signs and symptoms of TB disease
- You are from a country where TB disease is very common
- You live or work where TB disease is more common, such as a homeless shelter, migrant farm camp, prison or jail, and some nursing homes
- You use illegal drugs
- Have HIV infection
- Have been infected with TB bacteria in the last two years
- Have other health problems that make it hard for your body to fight disease
- Abuse alcohol or use illegal drugs
- Were not treated correctly for TB infection or TB disease in the past
Testing For Tuberculosis
- The TB skin test involves injecting a small amount of fluid (called tuberculin) into the skin in the lower part of the arm. Then the person must return after 48 to 72 hours to have a trained health care worker look at their arm. The health care worker will look for a raised hard area or swelling, and if there is one then they will measure its size. They will not include any general area of redness.
- The Chest X-Ray acute pulmonary TB can be easily seen on an X-ray. However, the picture it presents is not specific and a normal chest X-ray cannot exclude extra pulmonary TB.
- IGRAs ( Interferon Gamma Release Assays ) are blood tests that measure a person's immune response to the bacteria that cause TB. The immune system mounts a complex response to TB bacteria, and produces some special molecules called cytokines. These assays work by detecting a cytokine called the interferon gamma cytokine. They are performed in practice by taking a blood sample and mixing it with special substances to identify if the cytokine is present.
- Culture a.k.a Live Bacteria Diagnosing TB using culture can also take weeks because of the slow growth of TB bacilli. It averages 4 weeks to get a conclusive test result using the most common methods of solid media, with another 4-6 weeks to produce drug susceptibility results.
Treatments for T.B.
If you have latent tuberculosis, you may need to take just one type of TB drug. Active tuberculosis, particularly if it's a drug-resistant strain, will require several drugs at once. The most common medications used to treat tuberculosis include:
- Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
- Ethambutol (Myambutol)
If you have drug-resistant TB, a combination of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones and injectable medications, such as amikacin, kanamycin or capreomycin, are generally used for 20 to 30 months. Some types of TB are developing resistance to these medications as well.
A number of new drugs are being looked at as add-on therapy to the current drug-resistant combination treatment including:
How The Body Reacts To Tuberculosis
Fundraiser For T.B.
Pants vs. Pumps
Sunday, Aug. 23rd, 2pm
Lake Michigan, Chicago, IL, United States
The Pants vs. Pumps will play until one team wins 4 matches!
In this activity you will be racing against one another for 3 miles, not only to get to the finish line, but to retrieve items set along the way in various places.
You will be a mile out on the water, set up on a raft, facing the fight against the longest activity there is. Words can't even explain! The Pants on one raft, The Pumps on the the other raft. Fighting against the opposing team until one team finishes the Maze entirely.