Unit 4 Vocab

Taylor Rust period 6

Red Scare

Promotional fear of the rise of communism. There are actually two Red Scares.

Palmer Raids

A series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States

Nativism

Extreme devotion to only having natural born Americans living in America. Nativists did not want immigrants coming in.

Ku Klux Klan

A group of Nativists that wanted to "purify" America by lynching or getting rid of immigrants.

Fundamentalism

A form of a religion that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture. Usually Islam or Protestant Christianity

Prohibition

The ban of manufacturing and sales of alcohol. Failed extremely, led to people becoming bootleggers, and the creation of speakeasys.

Speakeasy

An establishment that illegally sells alcohol. Most speakeasies were hidden, and allowed to only certain people.

Flappers

A new form of young woman. They were much more careless then an original woman in the 1920s. They wore much more makeup, shorter hair and outfits, went to parties, and drank.

Art Deco

an influential visual arts design style that first appeared in France. It became very popular in the 1920s. Might have been seen on the gatsby cover.

Model T

The first affordable car to an average person. Created by the Ford Motor Company.

Harlem Renaissances

CULTURAL, SOCIAL, AND ARTISTIC EXPLOSION BETWEEN THE END OF WW1 AND THE 1930'S.

Back to Africa Movement

It encouraged those of African descent to return to the African homelands of their ancestors. Became known as the largest mass moment of African history

NAACP

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States.

ACLU

American Civil Liberties Union. Was created to protect the liberties of those who were being threatened.

Jazz

A genre of music that became very popular in the 1920s.

Federal Reserve

The central banking system of the United States.

Stock Market Crash

The stock market crash occurred in 1929. It caused many people to go bankrupt, become unemployed, and homeless.

Hawley Smoot Tariff

An act sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and signed into law on June 17, 1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels.

Dust Bowl

An area of land where vegetation has been lost and soil reduced to dust. It was a period os serve dust storms in the 1930s. Mostly occurring in an areas of Oklahoma, Kansas, and northern Texas, which obliged many people to move.

Okies

A resident or native of Oklahoma, the term was applied by the dominant cultural group.

Bonus Army

Name of the group of about 43,000 that demanded cash payment.

Bank Holiday

a public holiday in the United Kingdom, some Commonwealth countries, other European countries such as Switzerland, and a colloquialism for a public holiday in Ireland.

Fireside Chats

A term used to describe the series of 30 evening radio addresses given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944

One Hundred Days

This refers to the 100 day session the 73rd U.S. Congress

New Deal

A series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938. This included laws passed by the congress and the president.

TVA, AAA, CCC, FDIC, SEC, SSA, WPA

Programs that helped U.S. citizens in time of need.

(TVA)The Tennessee Valley Authority is a federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, ETC.

(AAA) Agriculture Adjustment Administration, established in 1933, a relief, Its purpose was to help farmers by reducing production of staple crops, thus raising farm prices and encouraging more diversified farming.

(CCC) Civilian Conservation Corps was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families

(FDIC) Federal Despot Insurance Company examines and supervises certain financial institutions for safety and soundness, performs certain consumer-protection functions.

(SEC) Securities and Exchange Commission It holds primary responsibility for enforcing the federal securities laws.

(SSA) Social Security Administration is primarily the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance federal program

(WPA) Work Progess Adminstation

Al Capone

American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit

Warren Harding

The 29th President of the United States

Calvin Coolidge

30th President of the United States. A Republican lawyer from Vermont

Herbert Hoover

The 31st President of the United States. He was a professional mining engineer and was raised as a Quaker.

Marcus Garvey

Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements

Zora Neale Hurston

American folklorist, anthropologist, and author

Langston Hughes

African American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri. He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry

Franklin D. Roosevelt

He was commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States

Eleanor Roosevelt

American politician, diplomat, and activist. She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States. Our school is named after her :).

18th Amendment

Alcohol was banned from being drank, made, etc. Caused the crime to increase.

19th Amendment

Gave women the right to vote!

21st Amendment

Repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol

National Origins Act

Law that restricted immigration

Volstead Act

An act created to carry out the 18th amendment

Sacco & Vanzetti

Italian-born anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the armed robbery of a shoe factory in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States in 1920 and were executed.

Scopes Trial

The trial mostly known as Scopes Monkey Trial. Where John T Scopes was put on trial for teaching evolution in class, going against the Butler Act.