Labor Movements/Unions

By: Ali Mousavi

Before and After Labor Movements

Before Labor Movement

· Laborers had no voice in working conditions, or money

· A lot of work

· Easy to replace any worker who threatened to quit

· Competition for jobs forced poor people to work under any condition

· Workers formed union because bargaining power as group was greater than individuals

· 1800’s and 1900’s – many employers insisted that their workers sign a promise not to join a union

After Labor Movement

Wages and working conditions improved

Structure of Labor Unions

· Early 19th Century – British machinery was replacing skills, like mining, or where new

machinery was creating an entirely new industry, like railroading

· Industrial union first appeared in the late 19th century

· Occurred wherever machinery and mechanical power replaced handicraft skills and natural energy in the produtive and distributive process

Picture Citation:

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Operations of Labor Union

· All have developed similar programs

o Minimum hours

o Adequate wages

o Job security

o Extra vocational benefits (paid holidays and vacations)

o Sick leaves

o Longer-range social benefits (accident and life insurance, disability and medical insurance)

o Unemployment and retirement benefits

· American Unions:

Negotiate on any and all levels on any subject (minimum wage laws and such social legislation as unemployment compensation, retirement benefits, and medical insurance) which they regard as foundations to be augmented by contractual agreements

Labor Unions